Maasai Grammar

The Maasai grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Maasai and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: or Under: Aatua
Before: engiterinoto After: engidipata
Inside: Atwua agi Outside: boo
With: or But: kake
For: or From: Epukunye
To: or In: A tua


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Akwua? Who?: N'gai
How?: A aja? Why?: Kanyoo?
Where?: Ayi?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: Eitu Rarely: Meenaleng
Sometimes: tongologi Usually: Oshake
Always: Kutua Very: pii


Most commonly used pronouns in Maasai:

I: Namu You: Eiye
He: Olee She: endito
We: Eyook They: Enye

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: Enai Your: Enino
His: Enenye Her: Endito
Our: Engunaang Their: Engunenge

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Eiro Kingeresa
You speak French: Ero kifaransa
He speaks German: Ero kijerumani
She speaks Italian: Ero kitaliano
I visited France: Ehomo Ufaransa
I will drink milk: Awook kule


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Aningito enijoito
I don't understand you: Etu atum enijoito
I don't speak French: Mayelo Kifaransa
This is my house: Engajiayi ena
That restaurant is far: Elakwua eda (hoteli)
No problem: Metii enyamali

The above Maasai grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Maasai vocabulary to obtain some popular Maasai phrases.

Maasai Phrases

Maasai Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.