Maasai Grammar

The Maasai grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Maasai and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: or Under: Aatua
Before: engiterinoto After: engidipata
Inside: Atwua agi Outside: boo
With: or But: kake
For: or From: Epukunye
To: or In: A tua

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Akwua? Who?: N'gai
How?: A aja? Why?: Kanyoo?
Where?: Ayi?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: Eitu Rarely: Meenaleng
Sometimes: tongologi Usually: Oshake
Always: Kutua Very: pii

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Most commonly used pronouns in Maasai:

I: Namu You: Eiye
He: Olee She: endito
We: Eyook They: Enye

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: Enai Your: Enino
His: Enenye Her: Endito
Our: Engunaang Their: Engunenge

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Eiro Kingeresa
You speak French: Ero kifaransa
He speaks German: Ero kijerumani
She speaks Italian: Ero kitaliano
I visited France: Ehomo Ufaransa
I will drink milk: Awook kule


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Aningito enijoito
I don't understand you: Etu atum enijoito
I don't speak French: Mayelo Kifaransa
This is my house: Engajiayi ena
That restaurant is far: Elakwua eda (hoteli)
No problem: Metii enyamali

The above Maasai grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Maasai vocabulary to obtain some popular Maasai phrases.

Maasai Phrases

Maasai Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.