Malay Grammar

The Malay grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Malay and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: Dan  Audio Under: Bawah  Audio
Before: Sebelum  Audio After: Selepas  Audio
Inside: Di dalam  Audio Outside: Di luar  Audio
With: Dengan  Audio But: Tetapi  Audio
For: Untuk  Audio From: Dari  Audio
To: Ke  Audio In: Di/di dalam  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Apa?  Audio Who?: Siapa?  Audio
How?: Bagaimana?  Audio Why?: Mengapa?  Audio
Where?: Di mana?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: Tidak pernah  Audio Rarely: Jarang  Audio
Sometimes: Kadang-kadang  Audio Usually: Biasanya  Audio
Always: Selalu  Audio Very: Sangat  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Malay:

I: Saya  Audio You: Kamu/awak/anda  Audio
He: Dia  Audio She: Dia  Audio
We: Kami  Audio They: Mereka  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: Saya punya  Audio Your: Kamu/awak/anda punya  Audio
His: Dia punya  Audio Her: Dia punya  Audio
Our: Kami punya  Audio Their: Mereka punya  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Saya berbahasa Inggeris.  Audio
You speak French: Anda berbahasa Perancis  Audio
He speaks German: Dia berbahasa Jerman.  Audio
She speaks Italian: Dia berbahasa Itali.  Audio
I visited France: Saya telah melawat Perancis.  Audio
I will drink milk: Saya akan minum susu.  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Saya faham anda.  Audio
I don't understand you: Saya tidak faham anda.  Audio
I don't speak French: Saya tidak bercakap bahasa Perancis.  Audio
This is my house: Ini rumah saya  Audio
That restaurant is far: Restoran itu jauh.  Audio
No problem: Tiada masalah  Audio

The above Malay grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Malay vocabulary to obtain some popular Malay phrases.

Malay Phrases

Malay Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.