Malay Grammar

The Malay grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Malay and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: Dan  Audio Under: Bawah  Audio
Before: Sebelum  Audio After: Selepas  Audio
Inside: Di dalam  Audio Outside: Di luar  Audio
With: Dengan  Audio But: Tetapi  Audio
For: Untuk  Audio From: Dari  Audio
To: Ke  Audio In: Di/di dalam  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Apa?  Audio Who?: Siapa?  Audio
How?: Bagaimana?  Audio Why?: Mengapa?  Audio
Where?: Di mana?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: Tidak pernah  Audio Rarely: Jarang  Audio
Sometimes: Kadang-kadang  Audio Usually: Biasanya  Audio
Always: Selalu  Audio Very: Sangat  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Malay:

I: Saya  Audio You: Kamu/awak/anda  Audio
He: Dia  Audio She: Dia  Audio
We: Kami  Audio They: Mereka  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: Saya punya  Audio Your: Kamu/awak/anda punya  Audio
His: Dia punya  Audio Her: Dia punya  Audio
Our: Kami punya  Audio Their: Mereka punya  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: Saya berbahasa Inggeris.  Audio
You speak French: Anda berbahasa Perancis  Audio
He speaks German: Dia berbahasa Jerman.  Audio
She speaks Italian: Dia berbahasa Itali.  Audio
I visited France: Saya telah melawat Perancis.  Audio
I will drink milk: Saya akan minum susu.  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: Saya faham anda.  Audio
I don't understand you: Saya tidak faham anda.  Audio
I don't speak French: Saya tidak bercakap bahasa Perancis.  Audio
This is my house: Ini rumah saya  Audio
That restaurant is far: Restoran itu jauh.  Audio
No problem: Tiada masalah  Audio

The above Malay grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Malay vocabulary to obtain some popular Malay phrases.

Malay Phrases

Malay Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.