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Mongolian Vocabulary

The Mongolian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: нэг   [kheeg] Two: хоёр  [khoër]
Three: гурав  [gurav] Four: дөрөв   [dөrөv]
Five: тав  [tav] Six: зургаа  [zurgaa]
Seven: долоо   [doloo] Eight: найм   [naĭm]
Nine: ес  [yes] Ten: арав  [arav]
First: нэгдүгээр  [kheegdүgkheer] Second: хоёрдугаар  [khoërdugaar]

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: даваа гариг  [davaa garig] Tuesday: мягмар гариг  [myagmar garig]
Wednesday: лхагва гариг  [lkhagva garig] Thursday: пүрэв гариг  [pүkheev garig]
Friday: баасан гариг  [baasan garig] Saturday: бямба гариг  [byamba garig]
Sunday: ням гариг  [nyam garig] Now: одоо  [odoo]
Yesterday: өчигдөр  [өchigdөr] Today: өнөөдөр  [өnөөdөr]
Tonight: өнөө шөнө  [өnөө shөnө] Tomorrow: маргааш  [margaash]

Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: жимс  [zhims] Apples: алим  [alim]
Bananas: гадил  [gadil] Tomatoes: улаан лооль  [ulaan loolʹ]
Potatoes: төмс  [tөms] Onions: сонгино  [songino]

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: улаан  [ulaan] Green: ногоон   [nogoon]
Blue: цэнхэр  [kheenkheer] White: цагаан  [tsagaan]
Black: хар  [khar] Grey: саарал  [saaral]

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: өглөөний хоол  [өglөөniĭ khool] Lunch: үдийн хоол  [үdiĭn khool]
Dinner: оройн хоол  [oroĭn khool] Milk: сүү  [sүү]
Coffee: кофе  [kofe] Bread: талх  [talkh]

Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: нартай  [nartaĭ] Windy: салхитай  [salkhitaĭ]
Rainy: бороотой  [borootoĭ] Snowy: цастай  [tsastaĭ]
Cold: хүйтэн  [khүĭkheen] Hot: халуун  [khaluun]

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: хүү  [khүү] Girl: охин  [okhin]
Son: хүү  [khүү] Daughter: охин  [okhin]
Brother: ах  [akh] Sister: эгч  [egch]
Man: эрэгтэй  [ekheegkheeĭ] Woman: эмэгтэй   [ekheegkheeĭ]
Father: аав  [aav] Mother: ээж  [kheezh]
Grandfather: өвөө  [өvөө] Grandmother: эмээ  [ekhekhee]

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: байшин  [baĭshin] Toilet: ариун цэврийн өрөө  [ariun kheevriĭn өrөө]
Room: өрөө  [өrөө] Bedroom: унтлагын өрөө  [untlagyn өrөө]
Kitchen: гал тогоо  [gal togoo] Table: ширээ  [shikhekhee]

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: муур  [muur] Dog: нохой  [nokhoĭ]
Mouse: хулгана  [khulgana] Bird: шувуу  [shuvuu]
Cow: үнээ  [үkhekhee] Horse: морь  [morʹ]

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: оймс  [oĭms] Shoes: гутал  [gutal]
Trousers: өмд  [өmd] Shirt: цамц  [tsamts]
Sweater: ноосон цамц  [nooson tsamts] Coat: цув  [tsuv]

Most popular languages in the world:

English: англи хүн, англи хэл  [angli khүn, angli kheel] French: франц хүн, франц хэл  [frants khүn, frants kheel]
German: герман хүн, герман хэл  [german khүn, german kheel] Spanish: испани хүн, испани хэл  [ispani khүn, ispani kheel]
Italian: итали хүн, итали хэл  [itali khүn, itali kheel] Portuguese: португал хүн, португал хэл  [portugal khүn, portugal kheel]
Greek: грек хүн, грек хэл  [grek khүn, grek kheel] Russian: орос хүн, орос хэл  [oros khүn, oros kheel]
Arabic: араб хүн, араб хэл,  [arab khүn, arab kheel,] Hindi: энэтхэг хүн, энэтхэг хэл  [ekheetkheeg khүn, ekheetkheeg kheel]
Chinese: хятад хүн, хятад хэл  [khyatad khүn, khyatad kheel] Japanese: япон хүн, япон хэл  [yapon khүn, yapon kheel]

Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: такси  [taksi] Bus: автобус  [avtobus]
Hotel: зочид буудал  [zochid buudal] Reservation: захиалга  [zakhialga]
Airport: онгоцны буудал  [ongotsny buudal] Passport: цагдаа  [tsagdaa]

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: оюутан  [oyuutan] Teacher: багш  [bagsh]
Pen: үзэг  [үzeg] Books: номнууд  [nomnuud]
Page: хуудас  [khuudas] Dictionary: толь бичиг  [tolʹ bichig]

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: гар  [gar] Feet: ул  [ul]
Hair: үс  [үs] Eye: нүд  [nүd]
Mouth: ам  [am] Nose: хамар  [khamar]

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: түргэн тусламжийн тэрэг  [tүrgen tuslamzhiĭn kheekheeg] Doctor: эмч  [emch]
Hospital: эмнэлэг  [emkheekheeg] Pharmacy: эмийн сан  [emiĭn san]
Police: ачаа  [achaa] Stomach Ache:   []

As you can see, this Mongolian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.


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