Mongolian Vocabulary

The Mongolian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: нэг   [kheeg] Audio Two: хоёр  [khoër] Audio
Three: гурав  [gurav] Audio Four: дөрөв   [dөrөv] Audio
Five: тав  [tav] Audio Six: зургаа  [zurgaa] Audio
Seven: долоо   [doloo] Audio Eight: найм   [naĭm] Audio
Nine: ес  [yes] Audio Ten: арав  [arav] Audio
First: нэгдүгээр  [kheegdүgkheer] Audio Second: хоёрдугаар  [khoërdugaar] Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: даваа гариг  [davaa garig] Audio Tuesday: мягмар гариг  [myagmar garig] Audio
Wednesday: лхагва гариг  [lkhagva garig] Audio Thursday: пүрэв гариг  [pүkheev garig] Audio
Friday: баасан гариг  [baasan garig] Audio Saturday: бямба гариг  [byamba garig] Audio
Sunday: ням гариг  [nyam garig] Audio Now: одоо  [odoo] Audio
Yesterday: өчигдөр  [өchigdөr] Audio Today: өнөөдөр  [өnөөdөr] Audio
Tonight: өнөө шөнө  [өnөө shөnө] Audio Tomorrow: маргааш  [margaash] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: жимс  [zhims] Audio Apples: алим  [alim] Audio
Bananas: гадил  [gadil] Audio Tomatoes: улаан лооль  [ulaan loolʹ] Audio
Potatoes: төмс  [tөms] Audio Onions: сонгино  [songino] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: улаан  [ulaan] Audio Green: ногоон   [nogoon] Audio
Blue: цэнхэр  [kheenkheer] Audio White: цагаан  [tsagaan] Audio
Black: хар  [khar] Audio Grey: саарал  [saaral] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: өглөөний хоол  [өglөөniĭ khool] Audio Lunch: үдийн хоол  [үdiĭn khool] Audio
Dinner: оройн хоол  [oroĭn khool] Audio Milk: сүү  [sүү] Audio
Coffee: кофе  [kofe] Audio Bread: талх  [talkh] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: нартай  [nartaĭ] Audio Windy: салхитай  [salkhitaĭ] Audio
Rainy: бороотой  [borootoĭ] Audio Snowy: цастай  [tsastaĭ] Audio
Cold: хүйтэн  [khүĭkheen] Audio Hot: халуун  [khaluun] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: хүү  [khүү] Audio Girl: охин  [okhin] Audio
Son: хүү  [khүү] Audio Daughter: охин  [okhin] Audio
Brother: ах  [akh] Audio Sister: эгч  [egch] Audio
Man: эрэгтэй  [ekheegkheeĭ] Audio Woman: эмэгтэй   [ekheegkheeĭ] Audio
Father: аав  [aav] Audio Mother: ээж  [kheezh] Audio
Grandfather: өвөө  [өvөө] Audio Grandmother: эмээ  [ekhekhee] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: байшин  [baĭshin] Audio Toilet: ариун цэврийн өрөө  [ariun kheevriĭn өrөө] Audio
Room: өрөө  [өrөө] Audio Bedroom: унтлагын өрөө  [untlagyn өrөө] Audio
Kitchen: гал тогоо  [gal togoo] Audio Table: ширээ  [shikhekhee] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: муур  [muur] Audio Dog: нохой  [nokhoĭ] Audio
Mouse: хулгана  [khulgana] Audio Bird: шувуу  [shuvuu] Audio
Cow: үнээ  [үkhekhee] Audio Horse: морь  [morʹ] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: оймс  [oĭms] Audio Shoes: гутал  [gutal] Audio
Trousers: өмд  [өmd] Audio Shirt: цамц  [tsamts] Audio
Sweater: ноосон цамц  [nooson tsamts] Audio Coat: цув  [tsuv] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: англи хүн, англи хэл  [angli khүn, angli kheel] Audio French: франц хүн, франц хэл  [frants khүn, frants kheel] Audio
German: герман хүн, герман хэл  [german khүn, german kheel] Audio Spanish: испани хүн, испани хэл  [ispani khүn, ispani kheel] Audio
Italian: итали хүн, итали хэл  [itali khүn, itali kheel] Audio Portuguese: португал хүн, португал хэл  [portugal khүn, portugal kheel] Audio
Greek: грек хүн, грек хэл  [grek khүn, grek kheel] Audio Russian: орос хүн, орос хэл  [oros khүn, oros kheel] Audio
Arabic: араб хүн, араб хэл,  [arab khүn, arab kheel,] Audio Hindi: энэтхэг хүн, энэтхэг хэл  [ekheetkheeg khүn, ekheetkheeg kheel] Audio
Chinese: хятад хүн, хятад хэл  [khyatad khүn, khyatad kheel] Audio Japanese: япон хүн, япон хэл  [yapon khүn, yapon kheel] Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: такси  [taksi] Audio Bus: автобус  [avtobus] Audio
Hotel: зочид буудал  [zochid buudal] Audio Reservation: захиалга  [zakhialga] Audio
Airport: онгоцны буудал  [ongotsny buudal] Audio Passport: цагдаа  [tsagdaa] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: оюутан  [oyuutan] Audio Teacher: багш  [bagsh] Audio
Pen: үзэг  [үzeg] Audio Books: номнууд  [nomnuud] Audio
Page: хуудас  [khuudas] Audio Dictionary: толь бичиг  [tolʹ bichig] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: гар  [gar] Audio Feet: ул  [ul] Audio
Hair: үс  [үs] Audio Eye: нүд  [nүd] Audio
Mouth: ам  [am] Audio Nose: хамар  [khamar] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: түргэн тусламжийн тэрэг  [tүrgen tuslamzhiĭn kheekheeg] Audio Doctor: эмч  [emch] Audio
Hospital: эмнэлэг  [emkheekheeg] Audio Pharmacy: эмийн сан  [emiĭn san] Audio
Police: ачаа  [achaa] Audio Stomach Ache:   [] Audio

As you can see, this Mongolian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Mongolian Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.