Nepali Grammar

The Nepali grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Nepali and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [ra] Audio Under: तल  [tala] Audio
Before: पहिला  [pahilā] Audio After: पछि  [pachi] Audio
Inside: भित्र  [bhitra] Audio Outside: बाहिरपट्टी  [bāhirapaṭṭī] Audio
With: सँग  [sam̐ga] Audio But: तर  [tara] Audio
For: लागि  [lāgi] Audio From: बाट  [bāṭa] Audio
To: तिर  [tira] Audio In: मा  [mā] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: के ?  [kē?] Audio Who?: को ?  [kō?] Audio
How?: कसरी ?  [kasarī?] Audio Why?: किन ?  [kina?] Audio
Where?: कहाँ ?  [kahām̐?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: कदापी   [kadāpī] Audio Rarely: आक्कल झुक्कल  [ākkala jhukkala] Audio
Sometimes: कहिलेकाहीँ  [kahilēkāhīm̐] Audio Usually: समान्यतया  [samān'yatayā] Audio
Always: सँधै  [sam̐dhai] Audio Very: धेरै  [dhērai] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Nepali:

I:   [ma] Audio You: तिमी  [timī] Audio
He:   [u] Audio She: तिनी  [tinī] Audio
We: हामी  [hāmī] Audio They: तिनीहरू  [tinīharū] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: मेरो  [mērō] Audio Your: तिम्रो  [timrō] Audio
His: उस्को  [uskō] Audio Her: तिनको  [tinakō] Audio
Our: हाम्रो  [hāmrō] Audio Their: तिनीहरूको  [tinīharūkō] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: म अंग्रेजी बोल्छु   [ma aṅgrējī bōlchu] Audio
You speak French: तिमी फ्रेन्च बोल्छौ   [timī phrēnca bōlchau] Audio
He speaks German: उ जर्मन बोल्छ  [u jarmana bōlcha] Audio
She speaks Italian: उनी इटालियन बोल्छिन्   [unī iṭāliyana bōlchin] Audio
I visited France: म फ्रान्स घुमेँ   [ma phrānsa ghumēm̐] Audio
I will drink milk: म दुध पिउँनेछु   [ma dudha pi'um̐nēchu] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: म तपाईंलाई बुझ्छु   [ma tapā'īnlā'ī bujhchu] Audio
I don't understand you: म तपाईंलाई बुझ्दिन   [ma tapā'īnlā'ī bujhdina] Audio
I don't speak French: म फ्रेन्च बोल्दिन   [ma phrēnca bōldina] Audio
This is my house: यो मेरो घर हो   [yō mērō ghara hō] Audio
That restaurant is far: त्यो भोजनालय टाढा छ   [tyō bhōjanālaya ṭāḍhā cha] Audio
No problem: केहि अप्ठारो छैन   [kēhi apṭhārō chaina] Audio

The above Nepali grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Nepali vocabulary to obtain some popular Nepali phrases.

Nepali Phrases

Nepali Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.