Pashto Grammar

The Pashto grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Pashto and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: او Under: لاندی
Before: مخکی After: وروسته
Inside: دننه Outside: د باندې
With: سره But: خو
For: لپاره From: له
To: ته In: په

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: څه؟ Who?: څوک؟
How?: څنګه؟ Why?: ولې؟
Where?: چېرته؟

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: هيڅکله نه Rarely: ډېر لږ
Sometimes: کله ناکله Usually: معمولآ
Always: تل Very: ډېر

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Most commonly used pronouns in Pashto:

I: زه You: ته/تاسی
He: هغه سړی She: هغه ښځه
We: موږ They: هغوی

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: زما Your: ستا/ستاسو
His: دهغه سړی Her: دهغی ښځی
Our: زموږ Their: د هغوی

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: زه په انګلیسي ژبه خبرې کوم
You speak French: ته په فرانسوي ژبه خبرې کوې
He speaks German: هغه په الماني ژبه خبرې کوي
She speaks Italian: هغه په ایتالوي ژبه خبرې کوي
I visited France: زه فرانسې ته تللی وم
I will drink milk: زه به شیدې وڅښم


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: زه تا پېژنم
I don't understand you: زه تا نه پېژنم
I don't speak French: زه په فرانسوي ژبه خبرې نه کوم
This is my house: دا زما کور دی
That restaurant is far: هغه رستورانت لرې دی
No problem: کومه ستونزه نشته

The above Pashto grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Pashto vocabulary to obtain some popular Pashto phrases.

Pashto Phrases

Pashto Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.