Pashto Vocabulary

The Pashto vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: يو Two: دوه Three: درې
Four: څلور Five: پنځه Six: شپږ
Seven: اووه Eight: اته Nine: نهه
Ten: لس First: لومړی Second: دوهم

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: دوشنبه Tuesday: سه شنبه Wednesday: چهار شنبه
Thursday: پنجشنبه Friday: جمعه Saturday: شنبه
Sunday: یکشنبه Now: اوس Yesterday: پرون
Today: نن Tonight: نن شپه Tomorrow: سبا


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: مېوې Apples: مڼې
Bananas: کېلې Tomatoes: سره بانجان
Potatoes: الوګان Onions: پیاز

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: سور Green: شين Blue: اسماني شين
White: سپين Black: تور Grey: خاكي

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: سهارنۍ Lunch: غرمنۍ
Dinner: ماښامنۍ Milk: شېدې
Coffee: کافي Bread: ډوډۍ


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: لمریز Windy: بادی Rainy: باراني
Snowy: واوره ووری Cold: یخ Hot: ګرم

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: هلک Girl: نجلۍ
Son: زوی Daughter: لور
Brother: ورور Sister: خور
Man: سړی Woman: ښځه
Father: پلار Mother: مور
Grandfather: نيکه Grandmother: نیا

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: کور Toilet: تشناب Room: خونه
Bedroom: دخوب خونه Kitchen: پخلنځی Table: میز

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: پیشو Dog: سپی Mouse: موږک
Bird: مرغه Cow: غوا Horse: آس

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: جرابی Shoes: بوټان Trousers: پتلون
Shirt: کمیس Sweater: بنیان Coat: کوټ

Most popular languages in the world:

English: انګليسي French: فرانسوی German: الماني
Spanish: هسپانوي Italian: ايټالوي Portuguese: پرتګالي
Greek: يوناني Russian: روسی Arabic: عربي
Hindi: هندي Chinese: چینایی Japanese: الماني


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: تاکسي Bus: بس
Hotel: هوټل Reservation: ساتنه
Airport: هوايي مېدان Passport: پاسپورت

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: زده کونکی Teacher: ښوونکي Pen: قلم
Books: کتابونه Page: پاڼه Dictionary: قاموس

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: لاس Feet: پښې Hair: ویښتان
Eye: سترګه Mouth: خوله Nose: پوزه

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: امبولانس Doctor: ډاکټر
Hospital: روغتون Pharmacy: درملتون
Police: پولیس Stomach Ache: د ګېډې درد

As you can see, this Pashto vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Pashto Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.