Punjabi Grammar

The Punjabi grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Punjabi and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ਅਤੇ  [atē] Audio Under: ਹੇਠ  [hēṭha] Audio
Before: ਪਹਲਾਂ  [pahalāṁ] Audio After: ਬਾਅਦ  [bā'ada] Audio
Inside: ਅੰਦਰ ਪਾਸੇ  [adara pāsē] Audio Outside: ਬਾਹਰ ਪਾਸੇ  [bāhara pāsē] Audio
With: ਨਾਲ  [nāla] Audio But: ਪਰ  [para] Audio
For: ਲਈ  [la'ī] Audio From: ਵੱਲੋਂ  [valōṁ] Audio
To: ਨੂੰ  [nū] Audio In: ਅੰਦਰ  [adara] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ਕੀ?  [kī?] Audio Who?: ਕੌਣ?  [kauṇa?] Audio
How?: ਕਿਵੇਂ?  [kivēṁ?] Audio Why?: ਕਿਓਂ?  [ki'ōṁ?] Audio
Where?: ਕਿੱਥੇ  [kithē] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ਕਦੇ ਵੀ ਨਹੀਂ  [kadē vī nahīṁ] Audio Rarely: ਵਰਿਲੇ ਹੀ  [varilē hī] Audio
Sometimes: ਕਦੇ-ਕਦੇ  [kadē - kadē] Audio Usually: ਆਮ ਤੌਰ ਤੇ  [āma taura tē] Audio
Always: ਹਮੇਸ਼ਾ  [hamēśā] Audio Very: ਬਹੁਤ  [bahuta] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Punjabi:

I: ਮੈਂ  [maiṁ] Audio You: ਤੁੰ, ਤੁਸੀਂ  [tu, tusīṁ] Audio
He: ਉਹ ਉਸ (ਮਰਦ ਲਈ)  [uha usa (marada la'ī)] Audio She: ਉਹ ਉਸ (ਔਰਤ ਲਈ)  [uha usa (aurata la'ī)] Audio
We: ਅਸੀਂ  [asīṁ] Audio They: ਉਹ, ਉਹਨਾਂ  [uha, uhanāṁ] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ਮੇਰਾ  [mērā] Audio Your: ਤੁਹਾਡਾ  [tuhāḍā] Audio
His: ਉਸਦਾ (ਮਰਦ ਲਈ)  [usadā (marada la'ī)] Audio Her: ਉਸਦਾ (ਔਰਤ ਲਈ)  [usadā (aurata la'ī)] Audio
Our: ਸਾਡਾ  [sāḍā] Audio Their: ਉਹਨਾਂ   [uhanāṁ uhanāṁdā] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ਮੈਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਬੋਲਦਾ ਹਾਂ  [maiṁ agarēzī bōladā hāṁ] Audio
You speak French: ਤੁਸੀਂ ਫਰੈਂਚ ਬੋਲਦੇ ਹੋ  [tusīṁ pharain̄ca bōladē hō] Audio
He speaks German: ਓਹ ਜਰਮਨ ਬੋਲਦਾ ਹੈ  [ōha jaramana bōladā hai] Audio
She speaks Italian: ਓਹ ਇਟਾਲੀਅਨ ਬੋਲਦੀ ਹੈ  [ōha iṭālī'ana bōladī hai] Audio
I visited France: ਮੈਂ ਫਰਾਂਸ ਗਿਆ ਸੀ  [maiṁ pharānsa gi'ā sī] Audio
I will drink milk: ਮੈਂ ਦੁੱਧ ਪੀਵਾਂਗਾ  [maiṁ dudha pīvāṅgā] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ਮੈਂ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਸਮਝਦਾ ਹਾਂ  [maiṁ tuhānū samajhadā hāṁ] Audio
I don't understand you: ਮੈਂ ਤੁਹਾਨੂੰ ਨਹੀਂ ਸਮਝਦਾ  [maiṁ tuhānū nahīṁ samajhadā] Audio
I don't speak French: ਮੈਂ ਫਰੈਂਚ ਨਹੀਂ ਬੋਲਦਾ  [maiṁ pharain̄ca nahīṁ bōladā] Audio
This is my house: ਇਹ ਮੇਰਾ ਘਰ ਹੈ  [iha mērā ghara hai] Audio
That restaurant is far: ਓਹ ਰੇਸਤਰਾਂ ਦੂਰ ਹੈ  [ōha rēsatarāṁ dūra hai] Audio
No problem: ਕੋਈ ਗੱਲ ਨਹੀਂ  [kō'ī gala nahīṁ] Audio

The above Punjabi grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Punjabi vocabulary to obtain some popular Punjabi phrases.

Punjabi Phrases

Punjabi Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.