Punjabi Vocabulary

The Punjabi vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: ਇੱਕ  [ika] Audio Two: ਦੋ  [dō] Audio
Three: ਤੰਿਨ  [taina] Audio Four: ਚਾਰ  [cāra] Audio
Five: ਪੰਜ  [paja] Audio Six: ਛੇ  [chē] Audio
Seven: ਸੱਤ  [sata] Audio Eight: ਅੱਠ  [aṭha] Audio
Nine: ਨੌਂ  [nauṁ] Audio Ten: ਦੱਸ  [dasa] Audio
First: ਪਹਲਾ  [pahalā] Audio Second: ਦੂਸਰਾ  [dūsarā] Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: ਸੋਮਵਾਰ  [sōmavāra] Audio Tuesday: ਮੰਗਲਵਾਰ  [magalavāra] Audio
Wednesday: ਬੁੱਧਵਾਰ  [budhavāra] Audio Thursday: ਵੀਰਵਾਰ  [vīravāra] Audio
Friday: ਸ਼ੁੱਕਰਵਾਰ  [śukaravāra] Audio Saturday: ਸ਼ਨੀਵਾਰ  [śanīvāra] Audio
Sunday: ਐਤਵਾਰ  [aitavāra] Audio Now: ਹੁਣ  [huṇa] Audio
Yesterday: ਕੱਲ੍ਹ  [kal'ha] Audio Today: ਅੱਜ  [aja] Audio
Tonight: ਅੱਜ ਰਾਤ  [aja rāta] Audio Tomorrow: ਕੱਲ੍ਹ  [kal'ha] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: ਫਲ  [phala] Audio Apples: ਸੇਬ  [sēba] Audio
Bananas: ਕੇਲਾ  [kēlā] Audio Tomatoes: ਟਮਾਟਰ  [ṭamāṭara] Audio
Potatoes: ਆਲੂ  [ālū] Audio Onions: ਪਆਿਜ਼  [paā̔iza] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: ਲਾਲ  [lāla] Audio Green: ਹਰਾ  [harā] Audio
Blue: ਨੀਲਾ  [nīlā] Audio White: ਚੱਿਟਾ  [caiṭā] Audio
Black: ਕਾਲਾ   [kālā ] Audio Grey: ਸਲੇਟੀ  [salēṭī] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: ਨਾਸ਼ਤਾ  [nāśatā] Audio Lunch: ਦੋਪਹਰ ਦਾ ਖਾਣਾ  [dōpahara dā khāṇā] Audio
Dinner: ਰਾਤ ਦਾ ਖਾਣਾ  [rāta dā khāṇā] Audio Milk: ਦੁੱਧ  [dudha] Audio
Coffee: ਕੌਫੀ  [kauphī] Audio Bread: ਡਬਲਰੋਟੀ  [ḍabalarōṭī] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: ਧੂੱਪਦਾਰ  [dhūpadāra ] Audio Windy: ਹਵਾਦਾਰ  [havādāra ] Audio
Rainy: ਮੀਂਹ ਵਾਲਾ  [mīnha vālā ] Audio Snowy: ਬਰਫ਼ੀਲਾ  [barafīlā ] Audio
Cold: ਠੰਢ  [ṭhaḍha ] Audio Hot: ਗਰਮ  [garama ] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: ਮੁੰਡਾ  [muḍā] Audio Girl: ਕੁਡ਼ੀ  [kuṛī] Audio
Son: ਪੁੱਤਰ  [putara] Audio Daughter: ਬੇਟੀ  [bēṭī] Audio
Brother: ਭਰਾ  [bharā] Audio Sister: ਭੈਣ  [bhaiṇa] Audio
Man: ਮਰਦ  [marada] Audio Woman: ਔਰਤ  [aurata] Audio
Father: ਪਤਾ  [patā pita] Audio Mother: ਮਾਤਾ  [mātā] Audio
Grandfather: ਦਾਦਾ  [dādā] Audio Grandmother: ਦਾਦੀ  [dādī] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: ਘਰ  [ghara] Audio Toilet: ਪਖਾਨਾ  [pakhānā] Audio
Room: ਕਮਰਾ  [kamarā] Audio Bedroom: ਸੌਣੇ ਦਾ ਕਮਰਾ  [sauṇē dā kamarā] Audio
Kitchen: ਰਸੋਈ  [rasō'ī] Audio Table: ਮੇਜ਼  [mēza] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: ਬੱਿਲੀ  [bailī billi] Audio Dog: ਕੁੱਤਾ  [kutā] Audio
Mouse: ਚੂਹਾ  [cūhā] Audio Bird: ਪੰਛੀ  [pachī panchi] Audio
Cow: ਗਾਂ  [gāṁ] Audio Horse: ਘੋਡ਼ਾ  [ghōṛā] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: ਜੁਰਾਬਾਂ  [jurābāṁ] Audio Shoes: ਜੁੱਤੇ  [jutē] Audio
Trousers: ਪੈਂਟਾਂ  [paiṇṭāṁ] Audio Shirt: ਕਮੀਜ਼  [kamīza] Audio
Sweater: ਕੋਟੀ  [kōṭī] Audio Coat: ਕੋਟ  [kōṭa] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: ਅੰਗਰੇਜੀ  [agarējī] Audio French: ਫ੍ਰੇਂਚ  [phrēn̄ca] Audio
German: ਜਰਮਨ  [jaramana] Audio Spanish: ਸਪੈਨਸ਼ਿ  [sapainaśi] Audio
Italian: ਇਟਾਲਅਿਨ  [iṭālaa̔ina] Audio Portuguese: ਪੁਰਤਗੀਜ਼  [puratagīza purtagal] Audio
Greek: ਗ੍ਰੀਕ  [grīka] Audio Russian: ਰਸ਼ੀਅਨ  [raśī'ana] Audio
Arabic: ਅਰਬੀ  [arabī] Audio Hindi: ਹੰਿਦੀ  [haidī] Audio
Chinese: ਚੀਨੀ  [cīnī] Audio Japanese: ਜਪਾਨੀ  [japānī] Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: ਟੈਕਸੀ  [ṭaikasī] Audio Bus: ਬੱਸ  [basa] Audio
Hotel: ਹੋਟਲ  [hōṭala] Audio Reservation: ਰਾਖਵਾਂਕਰਣ  [rākhavāṅkaraṇa] Audio
Airport: ਹਵਾਈ ਅੱਡਾ  [havā'ī aḍā] Audio Passport: ਪਾਸਪੋਰਟ  [pāsapōraṭa] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: ਵਿਦਿਆਰਥੀ  [vidi'ārathī] Audio Teacher: ਅਧਆਿਪਕ  [adhaā̔ipaka ustaad] Audio
Pen: ਪੇਨ  [pēna] Audio Books: ਕਿਤਾਬਾਂ  [kitābāṁ] Audio
Page: ਸਫਾ  [saphā] Audio Dictionary: ਸ਼ਬਦਕੋਸ਼  [śabadakōśa] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: ਹੱਥ  [hatha] Audio Feet: ਪੈਰ  [paira] Audio
Hair: ਵਾਲ  [vāla] Audio Eye: ਅੱਖ  [akha] Audio
Mouth: ਮੂੰਹ  [mūha] Audio Nose: ਨੱਕ  [naka] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ਐਂਬੂਲੈਂਸ  [aimbūlainsa] Audio Doctor: ਡਾਕਟਰ  [ḍākaṭara] Audio
Hospital: ਹਸਪਤਾਲ  [hasapatāla] Audio Pharmacy: ਫਾਰਮੇਸੀ  [phāramēsī] Audio
Police: ਪੁਲਿਸ  [pulisa] Audio Stomach Ache: ਢਿੱਡ ਦਰਦ  [ḍhiḍa darada] Audio

As you can see, this Punjabi vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Punjabi Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.