Russian Vocabulary

The Russian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: один  [odin] Audio Two: два  [dva] Audio
Three: три  [tri] Audio Four: четыре  [chyetirye] Audio
Five: пять  [pyatʲ] Audio Six: шесть  [shyestʲ] Audio
Seven: семь  [syemʲ] Audio Eight: восемь  [vosyemʲ] Audio
Nine: девять  [dyevyatʲ] Audio Ten: десять  [dyesyatʲ] Audio
First: первый  [pyerviy] Audio Second: второй  [vtoroy] Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: понедельник  [ponyedyelʲnik] Audio Tuesday: вторник  [vtornik] Audio
Wednesday: среда  [sryeda] Audio Thursday: четверг  [chyetvyerg] Audio
Friday: пятница  [pyatnitza] Audio Saturday: суббота  [soobbota] Audio
Sunday: воскресенье  [voskryesyenʲye] Audio Now: в настоящее время  [v nastoyashtyeye vryemya] Audio
Yesterday: вчера  [vchyera] Audio Today: сегодня  [syegodnya] Audio
Tonight: сегодня вечером  [syegodnya vyechyerom] Audio Tomorrow: завтра  [zavtra] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: фрукты  [frookti] Audio Apples: яблоко  [yabloko] Audio
Bananas: банан  [banan] Audio Tomatoes: помидор  [pomidor] Audio
Potatoes: картофель  [kartofyelʲ] Audio Onions: лук  [look] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: красный  [krasniy] Audio Green: зеленый  [zyelyeniy] Audio
Blue: синий  [siniy] Audio White: белый  [byeliy] Audio
Black: черный  [chyerniy] Audio Grey: серый  [syeriy] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: завтрак  [zavtrak] Audio Lunch: обед  [obyed] Audio
Dinner: обед  [obyed] Audio Milk: молоко  [moloko] Audio
Coffee: кофе  [kofye] Audio Bread: хлеб  [khlyeb] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: солнечный  [solnyechniy] Audio Windy: ветренный  [vyetryenniy] Audio
Rainy: дождливый  [doʐdliviy] Audio Snowy: снежный  [snyeʐniy] Audio
Cold: холодный  [kholodniy] Audio Hot: горячий  [goryachiy] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: мальчик  [malʲchik] Audio Girl: девушка  [dyevooshka] Audio
Son: сын  [sin] Audio Daughter: дочь  [dochʲ] Audio
Brother: брат  [brat] Audio Sister: сестра  [syestra] Audio
Man: мужчина  [mooʐchina] Audio Woman: женщина  [ʐyenshtina] Audio
Father: отец  [otyetz] Audio Mother: мать  [matʲ] Audio
Grandfather: дедушка  [dyedooshka] Audio Grandmother: бабушка  [babooshka] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: дом  [dom] Audio Toilet: туалет  [tooalyet] Audio
Room: комната  [komnata] Audio Bedroom: спальня  [spalʲnya] Audio
Kitchen: кухня  [kookhnya] Audio Table: стол  [stol] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: кот  [kot] Audio Dog: собака  [sobaka] Audio
Mouse: мышь  [mishʲ] Audio Bird: птица  [ptitza] Audio
Cow: корова  [korova] Audio Horse: лошадь  [loshadʲ] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: носки  [noski] Audio Shoes: обувь  [oboovʲ] Audio
Trousers: брюки  [bryoki] Audio Shirt: рубашка  [roobashka] Audio
Sweater: свитер  [svityer] Audio Coat: пальто  [palʲto] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: английский  [angliyskiy] Audio French: французский  [frantzoozskiy] Audio
German: немецкий  [nyemyetzkiy] Audio Spanish: испанский  [ispanskiy] Audio
Italian: итальянский  [italʲyanskiy] Audio Portuguese: португальский  [portoogalʲskiy] Audio
Greek: греческий  [gryechyeskiy] Audio Russian: русский  [roosskiy] Audio
Arabic: арабский  [arabskiy] Audio Hindi: хинди  [khindi] Audio
Chinese: китайский  [kitayskiy] Audio Japanese: японский  [yaponskiy] Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: такси  [taksi] Audio Bus: автобус  [avtoboos] Audio
Hotel: отель  [otyelʲ] Audio Reservation: бронирование  [bronirovaniye] Audio
Airport: аэропорт  [aeroport] Audio Passport: паспорт  [pasport] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: студент  [stoodyent] Audio Teacher: учитель  [oochityelʲ] Audio
Pen: ручка  [roochka] Audio Books: книги  [knigi] Audio
Page: страница  [stranitza] Audio Dictionary: словарь  [slovarʲ] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: рука  [rooka] Audio Feet: ноги  [nogi] Audio
Hair: волосы  [volosi] Audio Eye: глаз  [glaz] Audio
Mouth: рот  [rot] Audio Nose: нос  [nos] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: скорая помощь  [skoraya pomoshtʲ] Audio Doctor: врач  [vrach] Audio
Hospital: больница  [bolʲnitza] Audio Pharmacy: аптека  [aptyeka] Audio
Police: полиция  [politziya] Audio Stomach Ache: боль в животе  [bolʲ v ʐivotye] Audio

As you can see, this Russian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Russian Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.