Slovak Grammar

The Slovak grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Slovak and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: pred  Audio After: po  Audio
Inside: vnútri  Audio Outside: mimo  Audio
With: s  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: pre  Audio From: od  Audio
To: k  Audio In: v  Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: čo?  Audio Who?: kto?  Audio
How?: ako?  Audio Why?: prečo?  Audio
Where?: kde?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikdy  Audio Rarely: zriedka  Audio
Sometimes: niekedy  Audio Usually: zvyčajne  Audio
Always: vždy  Audio Very: veľmi  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Slovak:

I: ja  Audio You: ty/vy  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: môj  Audio Your: tvoj  Audio
His: jeho  Audio Her: jej  Audio
Our: náš  Audio Their: ich  Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: hovorím anglicky  Audio
You speak French: hovoríte po francúzsky  Audio
He speaks German: hovorí nemecky  Audio
She speaks Italian: hovorí taliansky  Audio
I visited France: navštívil som francúzsko  Audio
I will drink milk: budem piť mlieko  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ja vám rozumiem  Audio
I don't understand you: ja vám nerozumiem  Audio
I don't speak French: nehovorím francúzsky  Audio
This is my house: to je môj dom  Audio
That restaurant is far: tá reštaurácia je ďaleko  Audio
No problem: nie je problém  Audio

The above Slovak grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Slovak vocabulary to obtain some popular Slovak phrases.

Slovak Phrases

Slovak Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.