Slovak Grammar

The Slovak grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Slovak and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: pod  Audio
Before: pred  Audio After: po  Audio
Inside: vnútri  Audio Outside: mimo  Audio
With: s  Audio But: ale  Audio
For: pre  Audio From: od  Audio
To: k  Audio In: v  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: čo?  Audio Who?: kto?  Audio
How?: ako?  Audio Why?: prečo?  Audio
Where?: kde?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nikdy  Audio Rarely: zriedka  Audio
Sometimes: niekedy  Audio Usually: zvyčajne  Audio
Always: vždy  Audio Very: veľmi  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Slovak:

I: ja  Audio You: ty/vy  Audio
He: on  Audio She: ona  Audio
We: my  Audio They: oni  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: môj  Audio Your: tvoj  Audio
His: jeho  Audio Her: jej  Audio
Our: náš  Audio Their: ich  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: hovorím anglicky  Audio
You speak French: hovoríte po francúzsky  Audio
He speaks German: hovorí nemecky  Audio
She speaks Italian: hovorí taliansky  Audio
I visited France: navštívil som francúzsko  Audio
I will drink milk: budem piť mlieko  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ja vám rozumiem  Audio
I don't understand you: ja vám nerozumiem  Audio
I don't speak French: nehovorím francúzsky  Audio
This is my house: to je môj dom  Audio
That restaurant is far: tá reštaurácia je ďaleko  Audio
No problem: nie je problém  Audio

The above Slovak grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Slovak vocabulary to obtain some popular Slovak phrases.

Slovak Phrases

Slovak Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.