Tajik Grammar

The Tajik grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Tajik and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ва  [va] Audio Under: дар зери  [dar zieri] Audio
Before: пеш аз  [pieš az] Audio After: пасфардо  [pasfardo] Audio
Inside: дар дарун  [dar darun] Audio Outside: дар берун  [dar bierun] Audio
With: бо  [bo] Audio But: аммо  [ammo] Audio
For: барои  [Baro] Audio From: аз  [az] Audio
To: ба сӯи  [ba sūi] Audio In: дар  [dar] Audio


To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Чӣ?  [Čī?] Audio Who?: Кӣ?  [Kī?] Audio
How?: чӣ хел?  [čī chiel?] Audio Why?: Барои чӣ?  [Baro čī?] Audio
Where?: Кучо?  [Kučo?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ҳеҷгоҳ  [ҳjeҷhoҳ] Audio Rarely: гоҳ-гоҳ  [hoҳ-hoҳ] Audio
Sometimes: баъзан  [baʺzan] Audio Usually: умуман  [umuman] Audio
Always: доимо  [doimo] Audio Very: хеле   [chielie] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Tajik:

I: ман  [man] Audio You: ту, шумо   [tuju, šumo] Audio
He: ӯ  [ū] Audio She: ӯ  [ū] Audio
We: мо  [mo] Audio They: онҳо  [onҳo] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ман  [man] Audio Your: ту  [tuju] Audio
His: ӯ  [ū] Audio Her: ӯ  [ū] Audio
Our: мо  [mo] Audio Their: онҳо  [onҳo] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ман англисиро медонам  [man anhlisiro miedonam] Audio
You speak French: ту фаронсавиро медони  [tuju faronsaviro miedoni] Audio
He speaks German: ӯ олмониро медонад  [ū olmoniro miedonad] Audio
She speaks Italian: ӯ итолиёвиро медонад  [ū itolijeviro miedonad] Audio
I visited France: ман дар Фаронса зиндагонӣ мекунам  [man dar Faronsa zindahonī miekunam] Audio
I will drink milk: ман шир менӯшам  [man šyr mienūšam] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ман шуморо мефаҳмам  [man šumoro miefaҳmam] Audio
I don't understand you: ман шуморо намефаҳмам  [man šumoro namiefaҳmam] Audio
I don't speak French: ман забони фаронсавиро намедонам  [man zaboni faronsaviro namiedonam] Audio
This is my house: ин хонаи ман аст  [in chonai man astra] Audio
That restaurant is far: он ошхона дур аст  [jon ošchona Dur astra] Audio
No problem: хуб шудааст  [Chub šudaast] Audio

The above Tajik grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Tajik vocabulary to obtain some popular Tajik phrases.

Tajik Phrases

Tajik Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.