Tajik Grammar

The Tajik grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Tajik and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ва  [va] Audio Under: дар зери  [dar zieri] Audio
Before: пеш аз  [pieš az] Audio After: пасфардо  [pasfardo] Audio
Inside: дар дарун  [dar darun] Audio Outside: дар берун  [dar bierun] Audio
With: бо  [bo] Audio But: аммо  [ammo] Audio
For: барои  [Baro] Audio From: аз  [az] Audio
To: ба сӯи  [ba sūi] Audio In: дар  [dar] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: Чӣ?  [Čī?] Audio Who?: Кӣ?  [Kī?] Audio
How?: чӣ хел?  [čī chiel?] Audio Why?: Барои чӣ?  [Baro čī?] Audio
Where?: Кучо?  [Kučo?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ҳеҷгоҳ  [ҳjeҷhoҳ] Audio Rarely: гоҳ-гоҳ  [hoҳ-hoҳ] Audio
Sometimes: баъзан  [baʺzan] Audio Usually: умуман  [umuman] Audio
Always: доимо  [doimo] Audio Very: хеле   [chielie] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Tajik:

I: ман  [man] Audio You: ту, шумо   [tuju, šumo] Audio
He: ӯ  [ū] Audio She: ӯ  [ū] Audio
We: мо  [mo] Audio They: онҳо  [onҳo] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ман  [man] Audio Your: ту  [tuju] Audio
His: ӯ  [ū] Audio Her: ӯ  [ū] Audio
Our: мо  [mo] Audio Their: онҳо  [onҳo] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ман англисиро медонам  [man anhlisiro miedonam] Audio
You speak French: ту фаронсавиро медони  [tuju faronsaviro miedoni] Audio
He speaks German: ӯ олмониро медонад  [ū olmoniro miedonad] Audio
She speaks Italian: ӯ итолиёвиро медонад  [ū itolijeviro miedonad] Audio
I visited France: ман дар Фаронса зиндагонӣ мекунам  [man dar Faronsa zindahonī miekunam] Audio
I will drink milk: ман шир менӯшам  [man šyr mienūšam] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ман шуморо мефаҳмам  [man šumoro miefaҳmam] Audio
I don't understand you: ман шуморо намефаҳмам  [man šumoro namiefaҳmam] Audio
I don't speak French: ман забони фаронсавиро намедонам  [man zaboni faronsaviro namiedonam] Audio
This is my house: ин хонаи ман аст  [in chonai man astra] Audio
That restaurant is far: он ошхона дур аст  [jon ošchona Dur astra] Audio
No problem: хуб шудааст  [Chub šudaast] Audio

The above Tajik grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Tajik vocabulary to obtain some popular Tajik phrases.

Tajik Phrases

Tajik Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.