Turkish Grammar

The Turkish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Turkish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ve  Audio Under: altında  Audio
Before: önce, önünde  Audio After: sonra  Audio
Inside: içinde  Audio Outside: dışında, dışarısında  Audio
With: ile  Audio But: ama  Audio
For: için  Audio From: itibaren  Audio
To: ... (y)a  Audio In: içinde  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ne?  Audio Who?: kim?  Audio
How?: nasıl?  Audio Why?: neden?  Audio
Where?: nerede? nereye? nereden? neresi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: asla  Audio Rarely: nadiren  Audio
Sometimes: bazen  Audio Usually: genellikle  Audio
Always: her zaman  Audio Very: çok  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Turkish:

I: ben  Audio You: sen, siz  Audio
He: o  Audio She: o  Audio
We: biz  Audio They: onlar  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: benim  Audio Your: senin  Audio
His: onun  Audio Her: onun  Audio
Our: bizim  Audio Their: onların  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ben İngilizce konuşuyorum  Audio
You speak French: fransızca konuşuyorsun  Audio
He speaks German: o almanca konuşuyor  Audio
She speaks Italian: o İtalyanca konuşuyor  Audio
I visited France: fransa'yı ziyaret ettim  Audio
I will drink milk: ben süt içeceğim  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: sizi anlıyorum  Audio
I don't understand you: sizi anlamıyorum  Audio
I don't speak French: ben fransızca bilmiyorum  Audio
This is my house: bu benim evim  Audio
That restaurant is far: bu restoran uzakta  Audio
No problem: sorun yok  Audio

The above Turkish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Turkish vocabulary to obtain some popular Turkish phrases.

Turkish Phrases

Turkish Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.