Turkish Grammar

The Turkish grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Turkish and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ve  Audio Under: altında  Audio
Before: önce, önünde  Audio After: sonra  Audio
Inside: içinde  Audio Outside: dışında, dışarısında  Audio
With: ile  Audio But: ama  Audio
For: için  Audio From: itibaren  Audio
To: ... (y)a  Audio In: içinde  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ne?  Audio Who?: kim?  Audio
How?: nasıl?  Audio Why?: neden?  Audio
Where?: nerede? nereye? nereden? neresi?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: asla  Audio Rarely: nadiren  Audio
Sometimes: bazen  Audio Usually: genellikle  Audio
Always: her zaman  Audio Very: çok  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Turkish:

I: ben  Audio You: sen, siz  Audio
He: o  Audio She: o  Audio
We: biz  Audio They: onlar  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: benim  Audio Your: senin  Audio
His: onun  Audio Her: onun  Audio
Our: bizim  Audio Their: onların  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ben İngilizce konuşuyorum  Audio
You speak French: fransızca konuşuyorsun  Audio
He speaks German: o almanca konuşuyor  Audio
She speaks Italian: o İtalyanca konuşuyor  Audio
I visited France: fransa'yı ziyaret ettim  Audio
I will drink milk: ben süt içeceğim  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: sizi anlıyorum  Audio
I don't understand you: sizi anlamıyorum  Audio
I don't speak French: ben fransızca bilmiyorum  Audio
This is my house: bu benim evim  Audio
That restaurant is far: bu restoran uzakta  Audio
No problem: sorun yok  Audio

The above Turkish grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Turkish vocabulary to obtain some popular Turkish phrases.

Turkish Phrases

Turkish Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.