Turkish Vocabulary

The Turkish vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: bir  Audio Two: iki  Audio Three: üç  Audio
Four: dört  Audio Five: beş  Audio Six: altı  Audio
Seven: yedi  Audio Eight: sekiz  Audio Nine: dokuz  Audio
Ten: on  Audio First: birinci, ilk  Audio Second: ikinci  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: pazartesi  Audio Tuesday: salı  Audio Wednesday: çarşamba  Audio
Thursday: perşembe  Audio Friday: cuma  Audio Saturday: cumartesi  Audio
Sunday: pazar  Audio Now: şimdi  Audio Yesterday: dün  Audio
Today: bugün  Audio Tonight: bu gece  Audio Tomorrow: yarın  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: meyveler  Audio Apples: elmalar  Audio
Bananas: muzlar  Audio Tomatoes: domatesler  Audio
Potatoes: patatesler  Audio Onions: soğanlar  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: kırmızı  Audio Green: yeşil  Audio Blue: mavi  Audio
White: beyaz  Audio Black: siyah  Audio Grey: gri  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: kahvaltı  Audio Lunch: öğle yemeği  Audio
Dinner: akşam yemeği  Audio Milk: süt  Audio
Coffee: kahve  Audio Bread: ekmek  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: güneşli  Audio Windy: rüzgârlı  Audio Rainy: yağmurlu  Audio
Snowy: karlı  Audio Cold: soğuk  Audio Hot: sıcak  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: oğlan  Audio Girl: kız  Audio
Son: oğul  Audio Daughter: kız  Audio
Brother: (erkek) kardeş  Audio Sister: ( kız )kardeş  Audio
Man: adam  Audio Woman: kadın  Audio
Father: baba  Audio Mother: anne  Audio
Grandfather: büyükbaba  Audio Grandmother: büyükanne  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: ev  Audio Toilet: tuvalet  Audio Room: oda  Audio
Bedroom: yatak odası  Audio Kitchen: mutfak  Audio Table: masa  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kedi  Audio Dog: köpek  Audio Mouse: fare  Audio
Bird: kuş  Audio Cow: inek  Audio Horse: at  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: çorap  Audio Shoes: ayakkabı  Audio Trousers: pantolon  Audio
Shirt: gömlek  Audio Sweater: süveter  Audio Coat: palto  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: İngilizce  Audio French: fransızca  Audio German: almanca  Audio
Spanish: İspanyolca  Audio Italian: İtalyanca  Audio Portuguese: portekizce  Audio
Greek: yunanca  Audio Russian: rusça  Audio Arabic: arapça  Audio
Hindi: hintçe  Audio Chinese: çince  Audio Japanese: japonca  Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taksi  Audio Bus: otobüs  Audio
Hotel: otel  Audio Reservation: rezervasyon  Audio
Airport: havaalanı  Audio Passport: pasaport  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: öğrenci  Audio Teacher: öğretmen  Audio Pen: kalem  Audio
Books: kitaplar  Audio Page: sayfa  Audio Dictionary: sözlük  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: el  Audio Feet: ayaklar  Audio Hair: saç  Audio
Eye: göz  Audio Mouth: ağız  Audio Nose: burun  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambulans  Audio Doctor: doktor  Audio
Hospital: hastane  Audio Pharmacy: eczane  Audio
Police: polis  Audio Stomach Ache: mide ağrısı  Audio

As you can see, this Turkish vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Turkish Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.