Uyghur Grammar

The Uyghur grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Uyghur and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ۋە  [we] Audio Under: ئاستىدا  [astida] Audio
Before: بۇرۇن  [burun] Audio After: كېيىن  [këyin] Audio
Inside: ئىچىدە  [ichide] Audio Outside: تېشىدا  [tëshida] Audio
With: لىق\لىك ،بىلەن  […/liq/lik ,bilen] Audio But: ئەمما  [emma] Audio
For: ئۈچۈن  [üchün] Audio From: دىن\تىن  [...din/tin] Audio
To: غا\قا\گە\كە  […gha/qa/ge/ke] Audio In: دا\تە   [da/te ] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: نېمە؟  [nëme?] Audio Who?: كىم؟  [kim?] Audio
How?: قانداق؟  [qandaq?] Audio Why?: نېمە ئۈچۈن؟  [nëme üchün?] Audio
Where?: نەدە؟  [nede?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ئەسلا  [esla] Audio Rarely: كەمدىن كەم،ئاندا ساندا  [kemdin kem,anda sanda] Audio
Sometimes: بەزىدە  [bezide] Audio Usually: ئادەتتە  [adette] Audio
Always: ھەر دائىم  [her daim] Audio Very: بەك،ئىنتايىن  [bek,intayin] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Uyghur:

I: مەن  [men] Audio You: سىز،سەن  [siz,sen] Audio
He: ئۇ  [u] Audio She: ئۇ  [u] Audio
We: بىز  [biz] Audio They: ئۇلار  [ular] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: مېنىڭ  [mëning] Audio Your: سىزنىڭ  [sizning] Audio
His: ئۇنىڭ  [uning] Audio Her: ئۇنىڭ  [uning] Audio
Our: بىزنىڭ  [bizning] Audio Their: ئۇلارنىڭ  [ularning] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: مەن ئېنگلىزچە سۆزلەيمەن  [men Ën'glizche sözleymen] Audio
You speak French: سىز فرانسۇزچە سۆزلەيسىز  [siz Fransuzche sözleysiz] Audio
He speaks German: ئۇ نېمىىسچە سۆزلەيدۇ  [u Nëmische sözleydu] Audio
She speaks Italian: ئۇ ئىتالىيانچە سۆزلەيدۇ  [u Italiyanche sözleydu] Audio
I visited France: مەن فرانسىينى زىيارەت قىلدىم  [men Fransiyni ziyaret qildim] Audio
I will drink milk: مەن سۈت ئىچىمەن  [men süt ichimen] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: مەن سىنى چۈشىنىمەن  [men sini chüshinimen] Audio
I don't understand you: مەن چۈشەنمىدىم  [men chüshenmidim] Audio
I don't speak French: مەن فرانسۇزچە سۆزلىيەلمەيمەن  [men Fransuzche sözliyelmeymen] Audio
This is my house: بۇ مېنىڭ ئۆيۈم  [bu mëning öyüm] Audio
That restaurant is far: ئۇ تاماقخانا يېراق  [u tamaqxana yëraq] Audio
No problem: چاتاق يوق  [chataq yoq] Audio

The above Uyghur grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Uyghur vocabulary to obtain some popular Uyghur phrases.

Uyghur Phrases

Uyghur Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.