Uyghur Grammar

The Uyghur grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Uyghur and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ۋە  [we] Audio Under: ئاستىدا  [astida] Audio
Before: بۇرۇن  [burun] Audio After: كېيىن  [këyin] Audio
Inside: ئىچىدە  [ichide] Audio Outside: تېشىدا  [tëshida] Audio
With: لىق\لىك ،بىلەن  […/liq/lik ,bilen] Audio But: ئەمما  [emma] Audio
For: ئۈچۈن  [üchün] Audio From: دىن\تىن  [...din/tin] Audio
To: غا\قا\گە\كە  […gha/qa/ge/ke] Audio In: دا\تە   [da/te ] Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: نېمە؟  [nëme?] Audio Who?: كىم؟  [kim?] Audio
How?: قانداق؟  [qandaq?] Audio Why?: نېمە ئۈچۈن؟  [nëme üchün?] Audio
Where?: نەدە؟  [nede?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ئەسلا  [esla] Audio Rarely: كەمدىن كەم،ئاندا ساندا  [kemdin kem,anda sanda] Audio
Sometimes: بەزىدە  [bezide] Audio Usually: ئادەتتە  [adette] Audio
Always: ھەر دائىم  [her daim] Audio Very: بەك،ئىنتايىن  [bek,intayin] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Uyghur:

I: مەن  [men] Audio You: سىز،سەن  [siz,sen] Audio
He: ئۇ  [u] Audio She: ئۇ  [u] Audio
We: بىز  [biz] Audio They: ئۇلار  [ular] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: مېنىڭ  [mëning] Audio Your: سىزنىڭ  [sizning] Audio
His: ئۇنىڭ  [uning] Audio Her: ئۇنىڭ  [uning] Audio
Our: بىزنىڭ  [bizning] Audio Their: ئۇلارنىڭ  [ularning] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: مەن ئېنگلىزچە سۆزلەيمەن  [men Ën'glizche sözleymen] Audio
You speak French: سىز فرانسۇزچە سۆزلەيسىز  [siz Fransuzche sözleysiz] Audio
He speaks German: ئۇ نېمىىسچە سۆزلەيدۇ  [u Nëmische sözleydu] Audio
She speaks Italian: ئۇ ئىتالىيانچە سۆزلەيدۇ  [u Italiyanche sözleydu] Audio
I visited France: مەن فرانسىينى زىيارەت قىلدىم  [men Fransiyni ziyaret qildim] Audio
I will drink milk: مەن سۈت ئىچىمەن  [men süt ichimen] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: مەن سىنى چۈشىنىمەن  [men sini chüshinimen] Audio
I don't understand you: مەن چۈشەنمىدىم  [men chüshenmidim] Audio
I don't speak French: مەن فرانسۇزچە سۆزلىيەلمەيمەن  [men Fransuzche sözliyelmeymen] Audio
This is my house: بۇ مېنىڭ ئۆيۈم  [bu mëning öyüm] Audio
That restaurant is far: ئۇ تاماقخانا يېراق  [u tamaqxana yëraq] Audio
No problem: چاتاق يوق  [chataq yoq] Audio

The above Uyghur grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Uyghur vocabulary to obtain some popular Uyghur phrases.

Uyghur Phrases

Uyghur Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.