Welsh Grammar

The Welsh grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Welsh and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: dan  Audio
Before: cyn  Audio After: ar ôl  Audio
Inside: tu mewn  Audio Outside: tu allan i  Audio
With: gyda  Audio But: ond  Audio
For: am  Audio From: o  Audio
To: i  Audio In: yn  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: beth?  Audio Who?: pwy?  Audio
How?: sut?  Audio Why?: pam?  Audio
Where?: ble?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: byth  Audio Rarely: yn anaml  Audio
Sometimes: weithiau  Audio Usually: fel arfer  Audio
Always: bob amser  Audio Very: iawn  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Welsh:

I: i  Audio You: chi  Audio
He: ef  Audio She: hi  Audio
We: ni  Audio They: nhw  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: fy  Audio Your: eich  Audio
His: ei  Audio Her: ei  Audio
Our: ein  Audio Their: eu  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: dwi'n siarad saesneg  Audio
You speak French: dych chi'n siarad ffrangeg  Audio
He speaks German: mae e'n siarad almaneg  Audio
She speaks Italian: mae hi'n siarad eidaleg  Audio
I visited France: ymwelais i â ffrainc  Audio
I will drink milk: bydda' i'n yfed llaeth  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: dw i'n eich deall chi  Audio
I don't understand you: dw i ddim yn eich deall chi  Audio
I don't speak French: dydw i ddim yn siarad ffrangeg  Audio
This is my house: hwn yw fy nhy i  Audio
That restaurant is far: mae'r bwyty'na yn bell  Audio
No problem: dim problem  Audio

The above Welsh grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Welsh vocabulary to obtain some popular Welsh phrases.

Welsh Phrases

Welsh Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.