Welsh Grammar

The Welsh grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Welsh and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: a  Audio Under: dan  Audio
Before: cyn  Audio After: ar ôl  Audio
Inside: tu mewn  Audio Outside: tu allan i  Audio
With: gyda  Audio But: ond  Audio
For: am  Audio From: o  Audio
To: i  Audio In: yn  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: beth?  Audio Who?: pwy?  Audio
How?: sut?  Audio Why?: pam?  Audio
Where?: ble?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: byth  Audio Rarely: yn anaml  Audio
Sometimes: weithiau  Audio Usually: fel arfer  Audio
Always: bob amser  Audio Very: iawn  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Welsh:

I: i  Audio You: chi  Audio
He: ef  Audio She: hi  Audio
We: ni  Audio They: nhw  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: fy  Audio Your: eich  Audio
His: ei  Audio Her: ei  Audio
Our: ein  Audio Their: eu  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: dwi'n siarad saesneg  Audio
You speak French: dych chi'n siarad ffrangeg  Audio
He speaks German: mae e'n siarad almaneg  Audio
She speaks Italian: mae hi'n siarad eidaleg  Audio
I visited France: ymwelais i â ffrainc  Audio
I will drink milk: bydda' i'n yfed llaeth  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: dw i'n eich deall chi  Audio
I don't understand you: dw i ddim yn eich deall chi  Audio
I don't speak French: dydw i ddim yn siarad ffrangeg  Audio
This is my house: hwn yw fy nhy i  Audio
That restaurant is far: mae'r bwyty'na yn bell  Audio
No problem: dim problem  Audio

The above Welsh grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Welsh vocabulary to obtain some popular Welsh phrases.

Welsh Phrases

Welsh Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.