Welsh Vocabulary

The Welsh vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: un  Audio Two: dau  Audio Three: tri  Audio
Four: pedwar  Audio Five: pump  Audio Six: chwech  Audio
Seven: saith  Audio Eight: wyth  Audio Nine: naw  Audio
Ten: degfed  Audio First: cyntaf  Audio Second: ail  Audio

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: dydd llun  Audio Tuesday: dydd mawrth  Audio Wednesday: dydd mercher  Audio
Thursday: dydd iau  Audio Friday: dydd gwener  Audio Saturday: dydd sadwrn  Audio
Sunday: dydd sul  Audio Now: nawr  Audio Yesterday: ddoe  Audio
Today: heddiw  Audio Tonight: heno  Audio Tomorrow: yfory  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: ffrwythau  Audio Apples: afalau  Audio
Bananas: bananas  Audio Tomatoes: tomatos  Audio
Potatoes: tatws  Audio Onions: winwns  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: coch  Audio Green: gwyrdd  Audio Blue: glas  Audio
White: gwyn  Audio Black: du  Audio Grey: llwyd  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: brecwast  Audio Lunch: cinio  Audio
Dinner: cinio  Audio Milk: llaeth  Audio
Coffee: coffi  Audio Bread: bara  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: heulog  Audio Windy: gwyntog  Audio Rainy: glawog  Audio
Snowy: eirïaidd  Audio Cold: oer  Audio Hot: poeth  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: bachgen  Audio Girl: merch  Audio
Son: mab  Audio Daughter: merch  Audio
Brother: brawd  Audio Sister: chwaer  Audio
Man: dyn  Audio Woman: menyw  Audio
Father: tad  Audio Mother: mam  Audio
Grandfather: tad-cu  Audio Grandmother: mam-gu  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: ty  Audio Toilet: toiled  Audio Room: stafell  Audio
Bedroom: ystafell wely  Audio Kitchen: cegin  Audio Table: bwrdd  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: cath  Audio Dog: ci  Audio Mouse: llygoden  Audio
Bird: aderyn  Audio Cow: buwch  Audio Horse: ceffyl  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: sanau  Audio Shoes: esgidiau  Audio Trousers: trowsus  Audio
Shirt: crys  Audio Sweater: crys chwys  Audio Coat: côt  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: saesneg  Audio French: ffrangeg  Audio German: almaeneg  Audio
Spanish: sbaeneg  Audio Italian: eidaleg  Audio Portuguese: portiwgaleg  Audio
Greek: groeg  Audio Russian: rwsia  Audio Arabic: arabeg  Audio
Hindi: hindi  Audio Chinese: tseinëeg  Audio Japanese: siapaneaidd  Audio


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Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: tacsi  Audio Bus: bws  Audio
Hotel: gwesty  Audio Reservation: gwarchodfa  Audio
Airport: maes awyr  Audio Passport: pasbort  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: myfyriwr  Audio Teacher: athro  Audio Pen: pen  Audio
Books: llyfrau  Audio Page: tudalen  Audio Dictionary: geiriadur  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: llaw  Audio Feet: traed  Audio Hair: gwallt  Audio
Eye: llygad  Audio Mouth: ceg  Audio Nose: trwyn  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambiwlans  Audio Doctor: meddyg  Audio
Hospital: ysbyty  Audio Pharmacy: fferyllfa  Audio
Police: heddlu  Audio Stomach Ache: poen stumog  Audio

As you can see, this Welsh vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Welsh Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.