Welsh Vocabulary

The Welsh vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: un  Audio Two: dau  Audio Three: tri  Audio
Four: pedwar  Audio Five: pump  Audio Six: chwech  Audio
Seven: saith  Audio Eight: wyth  Audio Nine: naw  Audio
Ten: degfed  Audio First: cyntaf  Audio Second: ail  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: dydd llun  Audio Tuesday: dydd mawrth  Audio Wednesday: dydd mercher  Audio
Thursday: dydd iau  Audio Friday: dydd gwener  Audio Saturday: dydd sadwrn  Audio
Sunday: dydd sul  Audio Now: nawr  Audio Yesterday: ddoe  Audio
Today: heddiw  Audio Tonight: heno  Audio Tomorrow: yfory  Audio


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: ffrwythau  Audio Apples: afalau  Audio
Bananas: bananas  Audio Tomatoes: tomatos  Audio
Potatoes: tatws  Audio Onions: winwns  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: coch  Audio Green: gwyrdd  Audio Blue: glas  Audio
White: gwyn  Audio Black: du  Audio Grey: llwyd  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: brecwast  Audio Lunch: cinio  Audio
Dinner: cinio  Audio Milk: llaeth  Audio
Coffee: coffi  Audio Bread: bara  Audio


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: heulog  Audio Windy: gwyntog  Audio Rainy: glawog  Audio
Snowy: eirïaidd  Audio Cold: oer  Audio Hot: poeth  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: bachgen  Audio Girl: merch  Audio
Son: mab  Audio Daughter: merch  Audio
Brother: brawd  Audio Sister: chwaer  Audio
Man: dyn  Audio Woman: menyw  Audio
Father: tad  Audio Mother: mam  Audio
Grandfather: tad-cu  Audio Grandmother: mam-gu  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: ty  Audio Toilet: toiled  Audio Room: stafell  Audio
Bedroom: ystafell wely  Audio Kitchen: cegin  Audio Table: bwrdd  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: cath  Audio Dog: ci  Audio Mouse: llygoden  Audio
Bird: aderyn  Audio Cow: buwch  Audio Horse: ceffyl  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: sanau  Audio Shoes: esgidiau  Audio Trousers: trowsus  Audio
Shirt: crys  Audio Sweater: crys chwys  Audio Coat: côt  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: saesneg  Audio French: ffrangeg  Audio German: almaeneg  Audio
Spanish: sbaeneg  Audio Italian: eidaleg  Audio Portuguese: portiwgaleg  Audio
Greek: groeg  Audio Russian: rwsia  Audio Arabic: arabeg  Audio
Hindi: hindi  Audio Chinese: tseinëeg  Audio Japanese: siapaneaidd  Audio


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: tacsi  Audio Bus: bws  Audio
Hotel: gwesty  Audio Reservation: gwarchodfa  Audio
Airport: maes awyr  Audio Passport: pasbort  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: myfyriwr  Audio Teacher: athro  Audio Pen: pen  Audio
Books: llyfrau  Audio Page: tudalen  Audio Dictionary: geiriadur  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: llaw  Audio Feet: traed  Audio Hair: gwallt  Audio
Eye: llygad  Audio Mouth: ceg  Audio Nose: trwyn  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ambiwlans  Audio Doctor: meddyg  Audio
Hospital: ysbyty  Audio Pharmacy: fferyllfa  Audio
Police: heddlu  Audio Stomach Ache: poen stumog  Audio

As you can see, this Welsh vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Welsh

Welsh Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.