Xhosa Vocabulary

The Xhosa vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: inye  Audio Two: zimbini  Audio Three: zintathu  Audio
Four: zine  Audio Five: zintlanu  Audio Six: zintandathu  Audio
Seven: isixhenxe  Audio Eight: sisibhozo  Audio Nine: lithoba  Audio
Ten: lishumi  Audio First: okokuqala  Audio Second: okwesibini  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: umvulo  Audio Tuesday: ulwesibini  Audio Wednesday: ulwesithathu  Audio
Thursday: ulwesine  Audio Friday: ulwesihlanu  Audio Saturday: umgqibelo  Audio
Sunday: icawa  Audio Now: ngoku  Audio Yesterday: izolo  Audio
Today: namhlanje  Audio Tonight: ebusuku  Audio Tomorrow: ngomso  Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: iziqhamo  Audio Apples: ama apile  Audio
Bananas: iibanana  Audio Tomatoes: iitamati  Audio
Potatoes: iitapile  Audio Onions: amatswele  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: luhlaza okotyani  Audio Green: mdaka  Audio Blue: mhlophe  Audio
White: mnyama  Audio Black: siziba  Audio Grey: mthubi  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: isidlo sakusasa  Audio Lunch: isidlo sasemini  Audio
Dinner: isidlo sangokuhlwa  Audio Milk: ubisi  Audio
Coffee: ikofi  Audio Bread: isonka  Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: libalele  Audio Windy: kunomoya  Audio Rainy: kuyanetha  Audio
Snowy: kukhithikile  Audio Cold: banda  Audio Hot: shushu  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: umfana  Audio Girl: intombazana  Audio
Son: nyana  Audio Daughter: intombi  Audio
Brother: umtakwethu  Audio Sister: udadewethu  Audio
Man: indoda  Audio Woman: umfazi  Audio
Father: utata  Audio Mother: umama  Audio
Grandfather: utatomkhulu  Audio Grandmother: umakhulu  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: indlu  Audio Toilet: izindlu zangesese  Audio Room: igumbi  Audio
Bedroom: igumbi lokulala  Audio Kitchen: ikitshi  Audio Table: itafile  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: ikati  Audio Dog: inja  Audio Mouse: impuku  Audio
Bird: intaka  Audio Cow: inkomo  Audio Horse: ihashe  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: iikawusi  Audio Shoes: izihlangu  Audio Trousers: iibhulukhwe  Audio
Shirt: ihempe  Audio Sweater: ijezi  Audio Coat: idyasi  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: isingesi  Audio French: isiFrench  Audio German: Ijamani  Audio
Spanish: IsiPenishi  Audio Italian: amanTaliyane  Audio Portuguese: amaputukezi  Audio
Greek: isiGrike  Audio Russian: amaRashiya  Audio Arabic: isiArabiki  Audio
Hindi: amaHindi  Audio Chinese: isichina  Audio Japanese: amaJapane  Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: iteksi  Audio Bus: ibhasi  Audio
Hotel: ihotele  Audio Reservation: oyigcinelweyo  Audio
Airport: kwiziko lenqwelo moya  Audio Passport: incwadi yokundwendwela  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: umfundi  Audio Teacher: umfundisintsapho  Audio Pen: ipeni  Audio
Books: iincwadi  Audio Page: iphepha  Audio Dictionary: isichazimazwi  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: isandla  Audio Feet: iinyawo  Audio Hair: inwele  Audio
Eye: iliso  Audio Mouth: umlomo  Audio Nose: impumlo  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: isithuthi sezigulani  Audio Doctor: ugqirha  Audio
Hospital: isibhedlele  Audio Pharmacy: indawo yamayeza  Audio
Police: ipolisa  Audio Stomach Ache: isisu esibuhlungu  Audio

As you can see, this Xhosa vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Xhosa Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.