Yoruba Grammar

The Yoruba grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Yoruba and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ati Under: nisale
Before: saaju After: lehin
Inside: ninu Outside: ita
With: pelu But: sugbon
For: fun From: lati
To: si In: inu


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: kini? Who?: taani?
How?: bawo? Why?: nitori kini?
Where?: nibo?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: beeko-lae Rarely: agbara-kaka
Sometimes: nigbamiran Usually: welewele
Always: nigbagbogbo Very: looto


Most commonly used pronouns in Yoruba:

I: emi You: iwo
He: oun She: oun
We: awa They: awon

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mi Your: re
His: tire Her: tire
Our: wa Their: won

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mo nso geesi
You speak French: o nso faranse
He speaks German: o nso jaman
She speaks Italian: o nso italian
I visited France: mo se abewo si faranse
I will drink milk: emi yio mu wara


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: oro re ye mi
I don't understand you: oro re ko ye mi
I don't speak French: nko le e so faranse
This is my house: ile mi niyi
That restaurant is far: ile itaounje jinna
No problem: ko si wahala

The above Yoruba grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Yoruba vocabulary to obtain some popular Yoruba phrases.

Yoruba Phrases

Yoruba Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.