Yoruba Grammar

The Yoruba grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Yoruba and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ati Under: nisale
Before: saaju After: lehin
Inside: ninu Outside: ita
With: pelu But: sugbon
For: fun From: lati
To: si In: inu

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: kini? Who?: taani?
How?: bawo? Why?: nitori kini?
Where?: nibo?

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: beeko-lae Rarely: agbara-kaka
Sometimes: nigbamiran Usually: welewele
Always: nigbagbogbo Very: looto

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Most commonly used pronouns in Yoruba:

I: emi You: iwo
He: oun She: oun
We: awa They: awon

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mi Your: re
His: tire Her: tire
Our: wa Their: won

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: mo nso geesi
You speak French: o nso faranse
He speaks German: o nso jaman
She speaks Italian: o nso italian
I visited France: mo se abewo si faranse
I will drink milk: emi yio mu wara


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: oro re ye mi
I don't understand you: oro re ko ye mi
I don't speak French: nko le e so faranse
This is my house: ile mi niyi
That restaurant is far: ile itaounje jinna
No problem: ko si wahala

The above Yoruba grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Yoruba vocabulary to obtain some popular Yoruba phrases.

Yoruba Phrases

Yoruba Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.