Yoruba Vocabulary

The Yoruba vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: eyokan Two: meji Three: meta
Four: merin Five: marun Six: mefa
Seven: meje Eight: mejo Nine: mesan
Ten: mewa First: okan Second: ekeji

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: ojo-aje Tuesday: ojo-isegun Wednesday: ojo'ru
Thursday: ojo alamisi Friday: ojo-eti Saturday: ojo abameta
Sunday: ojo aiku Now: nisisiyi Yesterday: ana
Today: oni Tonight: ale yi Tomorrow: ola


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: awon eso Apples: apus
Bananas: ogede Tomatoes: tomati
Potatoes: anamo Onions: alubosa

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: pupa Green: awo-ewe Blue: awo oju-orun
White: funfun Black: dudu Grey: awo-resuresu

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: ounje aaro Lunch: ounje osan
Dinner: ounje ale Milk: wara
Coffee: kofi Bread: buredi


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: igba ooru Windy: igba afefe Rainy: igba ojo
Snowy: igba yin-yin Cold: otutu Hot: gbona

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: omokunrin Girl: omobirin
Son: omokunrin Daughter: omobirin
Brother: arakunrin Sister: arabirin
Man: arakunrin Woman: arabirin
Father: baba Mother: iya
Grandfather: baba-baba Grandmother: iya-iya

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: ile Toilet: ile-igbonse Room: iyara
Bedroom: iyewu Kitchen: ile-idana Table: tabili

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: ologbo Dog: aja Mouse: ekute
Bird: eye Cow: maalu Horse: esin

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: ibose Shoes: bata Trousers: sokoto
Shirt: ewu penpe Sweater: ewu otutu Coat: ewu awoleke

Most popular languages in the world:

English: geesi French: faranse German: jaman
Spanish: spanish Italian: italia Portuguese: potoki
Greek: grik Russian: roshian Arabic: larubawa
Hindi: hindi Chinese: shainis Japanese: japanis


Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: oko aje-igboro Bus: oko ero
Hotel: ile igbafe Reservation: ifipamo
Airport: papa baalu Passport: iwe ifuni-laaye

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: akeko Teacher: oluko Pen: kalamu
Books: awon iwe Page: oju ewe Dictionary: iwe itumo oro

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: owo Feet: atelese Hair: irun
Eye: oju Mouth: enu Nose: imu

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: oko ile iwosan Doctor: onisegun
Hospital: ile iwosan Pharmacy: pipo-oogun
Police: olopa Stomach Ache: inu-rirun

As you can see, this Yoruba vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Yoruba Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.