Japanese Grammar

The Japanese grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Japanese and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And:   [to] Audio Under: 下に  [shita ni] Audio
Before: 前に  [mae ni] Audio After: 後ろに  [ushiro ni] Audio
Inside: の内側で  [no uchigawa de] Audio Outside: の外側で  [no sotogawa de] Audio
With:   [to] Audio But: しかし  [shikashi] Audio
For: のために  [no tame ni] Audio From: から  [kara] Audio
To:   [ni] Audio In: の中で  [no naka de] Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: 何が?  [nani ga?] Audio Who?: 誰が?  [dare ga?] Audio
How?: どのように?  [dono you ni?] Audio Why?: なぜ?  [naze?] Audio
Where?: どこ?  [doko?] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: 決して  [kesshite] Audio Rarely: まれに  [mare ni] Audio
Sometimes: 時々  [tokidoki] Audio Usually: 通常  [tsuujou] Audio
Always: いつも  [itsumo] Audio Very: とても  [totemo] Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Japanese:

I: 私は  [watashi wa] Audio You: あなたは  [anata wa] Audio
He: 彼は  [kare wa] Audio She: 彼女は  [kanojo wa] Audio
We: 私たちは  [watashi tachi wa] Audio They: 彼らは  [karera wa] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: 私の  [watashi no] Audio Your: あなたの  [anata no] Audio
His: 彼の  [kare no] Audio Her: 彼女の  [kanojo no] Audio
Our: 私たちの  [watashi tachi no] Audio Their: 彼らの  [karera no] Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: 私は英語を話します。  [watashi wa eigo o hanashi masu] Audio
You speak French: あなたはフランス語を話します。  [anata wa furansugo o hanashi masu] Audio
He speaks German: 彼はドイツ語を話します。  [kare wa doitsu go o hanashi masu] Audio
She speaks Italian: 彼女はイタリア語を話します。  [kanojo wa itaria go o hanashi masu] Audio
I visited France: 私はフランスに行きました。  [watashi wa furansu ni iki mashi ta] Audio
I will drink milk: 私は牛乳を飲みます。  [watashi wa gyuunyuu o nomi masu] Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: 私はあなたのことを理解しています。  [watashi wa anata no koto o rikai shi te i masu] Audio
I don't understand you: 私にはあなたがわかりません。  [watashi ni wa anata ga wakari mase n] Audio
I don't speak French: 私はフランス語が話せません。  [watashi wa furansugo ga hanase mase n] Audio
This is my house: これは私の家です。  [kore wa watashi no ie desu] Audio
That restaurant is far: そのレストランは遠いです。  [sono resutoran wa tooi desu] Audio
No problem: 問題ありません。  [mondai ari mase n] Audio

The above Japanese grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Japanese vocabulary to obtain some popular Japanese phrases.

Japanese Phrases

Japanese Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.