Japanese Vocabulary

The Japanese vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One:   [ichi] Audio Two:   [ni] Audio
Three:   [san] Audio Four:   [yon] Audio
Five:   [go] Audio Six:   [roku] Audio
Seven:   [nana] Audio Eight:   [hachi] Audio
Nine:   [kyuu] Audio Ten:   [juu] Audio
First: 最初の  [saisho no] Audio Second: 2番目の  [ni banme no] Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: 月曜日  [getsuyoubi] Audio Tuesday: 火曜日  [kayoubi] Audio
Wednesday: 水曜日  [suiyoubi] Audio Thursday: 木曜日  [mokuyoubi] Audio
Friday: 金曜日  [kinyoubi] Audio Saturday: 土曜日  [doyoubi] Audio
Sunday: 日曜日  [nichiyoubi] Audio Now:   [ima] Audio
Yesterday: 昨日  [kinou] Audio Today: 今日  [kyou] Audio
Tonight: 今夜  [konya] Audio Tomorrow: 明日  [ashita] Audio

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Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: フルーツ  [furūtsu] Audio Apples: リンゴ  [ringo] Audio
Bananas: バナナ  [banana] Audio Tomatoes: トマト  [tomato] Audio
Potatoes: ジャガイモ  [jagaimo] Audio Onions: 玉葱  [tamanegi] Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: 赤い   [akai] Audio Green: 緑の  [midori no] Audio
Blue: 青い   [aoi] Audio White: 白い   [shiroi] Audio
Black: 黒い   [kuroi] Audio Grey: 灰色の  [haiiro no] Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: 朝ご飯  [asa gohan] Audio Lunch: 昼ご飯  [hiru gohan] Audio
Dinner: 晩ご飯  [ban gohan] Audio Milk: 牛乳  [gyuunyuu] Audio
Coffee: コーヒー  [kōhī] Audio Bread: パン  [pan] Audio

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Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: 日のよく照る  [hi no yoku teru] Audio Windy: 風の強い  [kaze no tsuyoi] Audio
Rainy: 雨降りの  [amefuri no] Audio Snowy: 雪の多い  [yuki no ooi] Audio
Cold: 冷たい  [tsumetai] Audio Hot: 熱い  [atsui] Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: 少年  [shounen] Audio Girl: 少女  [shoujo] Audio
Son: 息子  [musuko] Audio Daughter:   [musume] Audio
Brother: 兄弟  [kyoudai] Audio Sister: 姉妹  [shimai] Audio
Man: 男性  [dansei] Audio Woman: 女性  [josei] Audio
Father: 父親  [chichioya] Audio Mother: 母親  [hahaoya] Audio
Grandfather: 祖父  [sofu] Audio Grandmother: 祖母  [sobo] Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House:   [ie] Audio Toilet: トイレ  [toire] Audio
Room: 部屋  [heya] Audio Bedroom: 寝室  [shinshitsu] Audio
Kitchen: 台所  [daidokoro] Audio Table: テーブル  [tēburu] Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat:   [neko] Audio Dog:   [inu] Audio
Mouse: ネズミ  [nezumi] Audio Bird:   [tori] Audio
Cow:   [ushi] Audio Horse:   [uma] Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: 靴下  [kutsushita] Audio Shoes:   [kutsu] Audio
Trousers: ズボン  [zubon] Audio Shirt: シャツ  [shatsu] Audio
Sweater: セーター  [sētā] Audio Coat: コート  [kōto] Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: 英語  [eigo] Audio French: フランス語  [furansugo] Audio
German: ドイツ語  [doitsu go] Audio Spanish: スペイン語  [supein go] Audio
Italian: イタリア語  [itaria go] Audio Portuguese: ポルトガル語  [porutogaru go] Audio
Greek: ギリシャ語  [girisha go] Audio Russian: ロシア語  [roshia go] Audio
Arabic: アラビア語  [arabia go] Audio Hindi: ヒンディー語  [hindī go] Audio
Chinese: 中国語  [chuugoku go] Audio Japanese: 日本語  [nihongo] Audio


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Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: タクシー  [takushī] Audio Bus: バス  [basu] Audio
Hotel: ホテル  [hoteru] Audio Reservation: 予約  [yoyaku] Audio
Airport: 空港  [kuukou] Audio Passport: パスポート  [pasupōto] Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: 学生  [gakusei] Audio Teacher: 教師  [kyoushi] Audio
Pen: ペン  [pen] Audio Books:   [hon] Audio
Page: ページ  [pēji] Audio Dictionary: 辞書  [jisho] Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand:   [te] Audio Feet:   [ashi] Audio
Hair:   [kami] Audio Eye:   [me] Audio
Mouth:   [kuchi] Audio Nose:   [hana] Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: 救急車  [kyuukyuu sha] Audio Doctor: 医師  [ishi] Audio
Hospital: 病院  [byouin] Audio Pharmacy: 薬局  [yakkyoku] Audio
Police: 警察  [keisatsu] Audio Stomach Ache: 胃痛  [itsuu] Audio

As you can see, this Japanese vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

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Japanese Phrases


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Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.