Latvian Grammar

The Latvian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Latvian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: un  Audio Under: zem  Audio
Before: pirms  Audio After: pēc  Audio
Inside: iekšpusē  Audio Outside: ārpus  Audio
With: ar  Audio But: bet  Audio
For: par, priekš  Audio From: no  Audio
To: līdz  Audio In: iekšā  Audio


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ko? (kas?)  Audio Who?: kurš?  Audio
How?: kā?  Audio Why?: kāpēc?  Audio
Where?: kur?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nekad  Audio Rarely: reti  Audio
Sometimes: dažreiz  Audio Usually: parasti  Audio
Always: vienmēr  Audio Very: ļoti  Audio


Most commonly used pronouns in Latvian:

I: es  Audio You: tu/jūs  Audio
He: viņš  Audio She: viņa  Audio
We: mēs  Audio They: viņi /viņas//tie/tās  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mans /mana/mani/manas  Audio Your: tavs/tava/tavi/tavas//jūsu  Audio
His: viņa  Audio Her: viņas  Audio
Our: mūsu  Audio Their: viņu /to  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: es runāju angliski  Audio
You speak French: tu runā franču valodā  Audio
He speaks German: viņš runā vāciski  Audio
She speaks Italian: viņa runā itāliski  Audio
I visited France: es esmu bijis (bijusi) francijā  Audio
I will drink milk: es dzeršu pienu  Audio


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: es tevi saprotu  Audio
I don't understand you: es tevi nesaprotu  Audio
I don't speak French: es nerunāju franču valodā  Audio
This is my house: šī ir mana māja  Audio
That restaurant is far: šis restorāns ir tālu  Audio
No problem: nav problēmu  Audio

The above Latvian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Latvian vocabulary to obtain some popular Latvian phrases.

Latvian Phrases

Latvian Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.