Latvian Grammar

The Latvian grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Latvian and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: un  Audio Under: zem  Audio
Before: pirms  Audio After: pēc  Audio
Inside: iekšpusē  Audio Outside: ārpus  Audio
With: ar  Audio But: bet  Audio
For: par, priekš  Audio From: no  Audio
To: līdz  Audio In: iekšā  Audio

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: ko? (kas?)  Audio Who?: kurš?  Audio
How?: kā?  Audio Why?: kāpēc?  Audio
Where?: kur?  Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: nekad  Audio Rarely: reti  Audio
Sometimes: dažreiz  Audio Usually: parasti  Audio
Always: vienmēr  Audio Very: ļoti  Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Latvian:

I: es  Audio You: tu/jūs  Audio
He: viņš  Audio She: viņa  Audio
We: mēs  Audio They: viņi /viņas//tie/tās  Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: mans /mana/mani/manas  Audio Your: tavs/tava/tavi/tavas//jūsu  Audio
His: viņa  Audio Her: viņas  Audio
Our: mūsu  Audio Their: viņu /to  Audio

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: es runāju angliski  Audio
You speak French: tu runā franču valodā  Audio
He speaks German: viņš runā vāciski  Audio
She speaks Italian: viņa runā itāliski  Audio
I visited France: es esmu bijis (bijusi) francijā  Audio
I will drink milk: es dzeršu pienu  Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: es tevi saprotu  Audio
I don't understand you: es tevi nesaprotu  Audio
I don't speak French: es nerunāju franču valodā  Audio
This is my house: šī ir mana māja  Audio
That restaurant is far: šis restorāns ir tālu  Audio
No problem: nav problēmu  Audio

The above Latvian grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Latvian vocabulary to obtain some popular Latvian phrases.

Latvian Phrases

Latvian Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.