Latvian Vocabulary

The Latvian vocabulary is the backbone for learning. Below we picked 70% of the most commonly used words. Therefore memorizing them will give you a 70% boost in the language. This is the smarter way of online learning. Learn only what you need. We start with commonly used numbers.

One: viens  Audio Two: divi  Audio Three: trīs  Audio
Four: četri  Audio Five: pieci  Audio Six: seši  Audio
Seven: septiņi  Audio Eight: astoņi  Audio Nine: deviņi  Audio
Ten: desmit  Audio First: pirmais  Audio Second: otrais  Audio

Time Expressions

Days of the week and time expressions:

Monday: pirmdiena  Audio Tuesday: otrdiena  Audio Wednesday: trešdiena  Audio
Thursday: ceturtdiena  Audio Friday: piektdiena  Audio Saturday: sestdiena  Audio
Sunday: svētdiena  Audio Now: tagad  Audio Yesterday: vakar  Audio
Today: šodien  Audio Tonight: šovakar  Audio Tomorrow: rīt  Audio


Most popular fruits and vegetables:

Fruits: augļi  Audio Apples: āboli  Audio
Bananas: banāni  Audio Tomatoes: tomāti  Audio
Potatoes: kartupeļi  Audio Onions: sīpoli  Audio

Colors that we think are very important to remember:

Red: sarkans  Audio Green: zaļš  Audio Blue: zils  Audio
White: balts  Audio Black: melns  Audio Grey: pelēks  Audio

Some words related to food:

Breakfast: brokastis  Audio Lunch: pusdienas  Audio
Dinner: vakariņas  Audio Milk: piens  Audio
Coffee: kafija  Audio Bread: maize  Audio


Weather terms and sensations:

Sunny: saulains  Audio Windy: vējains  Audio Rainy: lietains  Audio
Snowy: snieg  Audio Cold: auksts  Audio Hot: karsts  Audio

Words related to family and relatives:

Boy: zēns  Audio Girl: meitene  Audio
Son: dēls  Audio Daughter: meita  Audio
Brother: brālis  Audio Sister: māsa  Audio
Man: vīrietis  Audio Woman: sieviete  Audio
Father: tēvs  Audio Mother: māte  Audio
Grandfather: vectēvs  Audio Grandmother: vecmāmiņa  Audio

Locations in the house which are talked about more during the day:

House: māja  Audio Toilet: tualete  Audio Room: istaba  Audio
Bedroom: guļamistaba  Audio Kitchen: virtuve  Audio Table: galds  Audio

Animals and pets popular to everyone:

Cat: kaķis  Audio Dog: suns  Audio Mouse: pele  Audio
Bird: putns  Audio Cow: govs  Audio Horse: zirgs  Audio

The clothes most worn by most people:

Socks: īsās zeķes  Audio Shoes: kurpes  Audio Trousers: bikses  Audio
Shirt: krekls  Audio Sweater: svīteris  Audio Coat: mētelis  Audio

Most popular languages in the world:

English: angļu  Audio French: franču  Audio German: vācu  Audio
Spanish: spāņu  Audio Italian: itāļu  Audio Portuguese: portugāļu  Audio
Greek: grieķu  Audio Russian: krievu  Audio Arabic: arābu  Audio
Hindi: indiešu  Audio Chinese: ķīniešu  Audio Japanese: japāņu  Audio


Travel Vocabulary

Most popular terms when traveling:

Taxi: taksometrs  Audio Bus: autobuss  Audio
Hotel: viesnīca  Audio Reservation: rezervēšana  Audio
Airport: lidosta  Audio Passport: pase  Audio

Words you can use in class or talking about school:

Student: students  Audio Teacher: skolotājs  Audio Pen: pildspalva  Audio
Books: grāmatas  Audio Page: lapaspuse  Audio Dictionary: vārdnīca  Audio

Body parts which are talked about more often:

Hand: roka  Audio Feet: kājas  Audio Hair: mati  Audio
Eye: acs  Audio Mouth: mute  Audio Nose: deguns  Audio

Emergency vocabulary to ask for help or offer help when needed:

Ambulance: ātrā palīdzība  Audio Doctor: ārsts  Audio
Hospital: slimnīca  Audio Pharmacy: aptieka  Audio
Police: policija  Audio Stomach Ache: sāpes vēderā  Audio

As you can see, this Latvian vocabulary is something you will need every day. You can use our Vocabulary Trainer to help you memorize these words.

Learn Latvian

Latvian Phrases


Did you know? People use only a small amount of their vocabulary on a daily basis. The rest of the words are either unused or not used often.