Odia Grammar

The Odia grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Odia and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: ଆଉ  [ā'u] Audio Under: ତଳେ  [taḷē] Audio
Before: ପୂର୍ବରୁ  [pūrbaru] Audio After: ପରେ  [parē] Audio
Inside: ଭିତରେ  [bhitarē] Audio Outside: ବାହାରେ  [bāhārē] Audio
With: ସହିତ  [sahita] Audio But: କିନ୍ତୁ  [kintu] Audio
For: ପାଇଁ  [pā'im̐] Audio From: ଠାରୁ  [ṭhāru] Audio
To: କୁ  [ku] Audio In: ଭିତର  [bhitara] Audio

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To ask questions, use the following:

What?: କ’ଣ?  [ka 'ṇa.] Audio Who?: କିଏ?  [ki'ē.] Audio
How?: କିପରି  [kipari] Audio Why?: କାହିଁକି?  [kāhim̐ki.] Audio
Where?: କେଉଁଠାରେ  [kē'um̐ṭhārē] Audio

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: ଆଦୌ ନୁହେଁ  [ādau nuhēm̐] Audio Rarely: ବହୁତ କମ୍  [bahuta kam] Audio
Sometimes: ବେଳେବେଳେ  [bēḷēbēḷē] Audio Usually: ସାଧାରଣତଃ  [sādhāraṇataḥ] Audio
Always: ସବୁବେଳେ  [sabubēḷē] Audio Very: ବହୁତ  [bahuta] Audio

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Most commonly used pronouns in Odia:

I: ମୁଁ  [mum̐] Audio You: ତୁମେ  [tumē] Audio
He: ସେ  [sē] Audio She: ସେ  [sē] Audio
We: ଆମେ  [āmē] Audio They: ସେମାନେ  [sēmānē] Audio

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: ମୋର  [mōra] Audio Your: ତୁମର  [tumara] Audio
His: ତାଙ୍କର  [tāṅkara] Audio Her: ତାଙ୍କର  [tāṅkara] Audio
Our: ଆମର  [āmara] Audio Their: ସେମାନଙ୍କର  [sēmānaṅkara] Audio

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: ମୁଁ ଇଂଲିଶ୍ କହିପାରେ  [mum̐ inliś kahipārē] Audio
You speak French: ତୁମେ ଫ୍ରେଞ୍ଚ୍ କୁହ  [tumē phrēñc kuha] Audio
He speaks German: ସେ ଜର୍ମାନ୍ କୁହନ୍ତି  [sē jarmān kuhanti] Audio
She speaks Italian: ସେ ଆରାବିକ୍ କୁହନ୍ତି  [sē ārābik kuhanti] Audio
I visited France: ମୁଁ ଫ୍ରାନ୍ସ୍ ବୁଲିଛି  [mum̐ phrāns bulichi] Audio
I will drink milk: ମୁଁ କ୍ଷୀର ପିଇବି  [mum̐ kṣīra pi'ibi] Audio


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: ମୁଁ ତୁମକୁ ବୁଝିପାରୁଛି  [mum̐ tumaku bujhipāruchi] Audio
I don't understand you: ମୁଁ ତୁମକୁ ବୁଝିପାରୁ ନାହଁ  [mum̐ tumaku bujhipāru nāham̐] Audio
I don't speak French: ମୁଁ ଫ୍ରେଞ୍ଚ୍ କହିପାରେ ନାହିଁ  [mum̐ phrēñc kahipārē nāhim̐] Audio
This is my house: ଏଇଟା ମୋ ଘର  [ē'iṭā mō ghara] Audio
That restaurant is far: ସେହି ରେଷ୍ଟୁରାଣ୍ଟ ବହୁତ ଦୂର   [sēhi rēṣṭurāṇṭa bahuta dūra] Audio
No problem: କୌଣସି ସମସ୍ୟା ନାହିଁ  [kauṇasi samasẏā nāhim̐] Audio

The above Odia grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Odia vocabulary to obtain some popular Odia phrases.

Odia Phrases

Odia Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.