Somali Grammar

The Somali grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Somali and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: iyo Under: hoos
Before: hor After: dib
Inside: gudaha Outside: dibadda
With: ku jira But: laakiin
For: u ah From: ka
To: ku In: dhex

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Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: maxay Who?: kee
How?: see Why?: sababtee
Where?: halkee

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: marna Rarely: dhif
Sometimes: mararka qaar Usually: inta badan
Always: abid Very: aad

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Most commonly used pronouns in Somali:

I: aniga You: adiga
He: asaga She: iyada
We: annaga They: iyaga

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: kayga Your: kaaga
His: kiisa Her: keeda
Our: keena Their: kooda

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: waan ku hadlaa ingiriis
You speak French: waad ku hadashaa faransiis
He speaks German: wuu ku kadlaa jarmal
She speaks Italian: way ku hadashaa talyaani
I visited France: waxaan booqday faransiiska
I will drink milk: waxaan cabi doonaa caano


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Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: waan ku fahmay
I don't understand you: kuma fahmin
I don't speak French: kuma hadlo faransiis
This is my house: kani waa gurigeyga
That restaurant is far: makhaayaddaasi way fog tahay
No problem: dhib ma leh

The above Somali grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Somali vocabulary to obtain some popular Somali phrases.

Somali Phrases

Somali Vocabulary


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Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.