Somali Grammar

The Somali grammar allows you to manipulate the vocabulary to obtain multiple forms of a word. The grammatical rules below are the most important in Somali and help connect words or shape the structure. We start with the prepositions:

And: iyo Under: hoos
Before: hor After: dib
Inside: gudaha Outside: dibadda
With: ku jira But: laakiin
For: u ah From: ka
To: ku In: dhex


Questions and Adverbs

To ask questions, use the following:

What?: maxay Who?: kee
How?: see Why?: sababtee
Where?: halkee

Some of the most important time adverbs:

Never: marna Rarely: dhif
Sometimes: mararka qaar Usually: inta badan
Always: abid Very: aad


Most commonly used pronouns in Somali:

I: aniga You: adiga
He: asaga She: iyada
We: annaga They: iyaga

To express the possession of something [possessive form]:

My: kayga Your: kaaga
His: kiisa Her: keeda
Our: keena Their: kooda

Grammar in a sentence

Some random verbs to show how it's being used:

I speak English: waan ku hadlaa ingiriis
You speak French: waad ku hadashaa faransiis
He speaks German: wuu ku kadlaa jarmal
She speaks Italian: way ku hadashaa talyaani
I visited France: waxaan booqday faransiiska
I will drink milk: waxaan cabi doonaa caano


Some extra grammatical structures:

I understand you: waan ku fahmay
I don't understand you: kuma fahmin
I don't speak French: kuma hadlo faransiis
This is my house: kani waa gurigeyga
That restaurant is far: makhaayaddaasi way fog tahay
No problem: dhib ma leh

The above Somali grammar can provide tools to use in coordination with the Somali vocabulary to obtain some popular Somali phrases.

Somali Phrases

Somali Vocabulary


Did you know? Grammar can help you increase your vocabulary dramatically. Grammar is like a tool which helps you manipulate words in a sentence by changing the shape and location of a word to create something new out of the old one.